Below is a collection of classic as well as new articles, essays and books on Universal Restitution, irresistible grace, and similar themes. Some of the texts can be read online, while some can be downloaded as pdf.
Andrew John Jukes (1815-1901) was an English theologian. In his classic work The Second Death and the Restitution of All Things, Jukes explains the meaning of "the second death" mentioned in Revelations, and gives compelling arguments for a biblical universalism.
"Christ bought us ALL back by His own blood shed at Calvary. He came to earth for this purpose: to destroy the devil's deceptive works and to save that which was lost. Eventually our Lord will fulfill His sure purpose and inherit ALL He paid for." - Charles Slagle.
"The object of this work is to assist the reader to a correct understanding of those controverted passages which are supposed to teach the doctrine of endless punishment. We have given the Bible a thorough examination, and are convinced that this doctrine finds no support in the sacred pages. It is of human origin."
The Universal Restoration: exhibited in a series of dialogues between a minister and his friend: comprehending the substance of several conversations that the author hath had with various persons, both in America and Europe, on that interesting subject, wherein the most formidable objections are stated and fully answered (London 1888).
In this sermon Baptist preacher Elhanan Winchester argued that Paul teaches both particular and general atonement and redemption. "Both Calvinists and Arminians, are right--in many things: and, perhaps, both are under mistakes, in some things: and in nothing do they both mistake more, than in supposing, (as both of them do) that the doctrines of particular and general redemption, are contrary the one to the other"
"One will say, God loves all his creatures without exception, that he is good to all and his tender mercies are over all his works. Another will maintain that all the objects of his love must finally come to the enjoyment of himself; and that his mercy endureth forever and cannot fail. We heartily believe both these testimonies."--Elhanan Winchester
Georg Klein-Nicolai (1671-1734) was Pastor at Friessdorf, Germany. In 1705 he published a book with the German title Das von Jesu Christo dem Richter der Lebendigen und der Todten, aller Creatur zu predigen befohlene ewige Evangelium, etc. In 1753 the book was published in English with the title The Everlasting Gospel.
“We need to recognize that God integrates both mercy and judgment. This factor is a crucial piece of the puzzle helping us to better understand God‘s plan for all” – Gerry Beauchemin
Gregory of Nyssa (c. 335-395 AD) was a bishop and one of the most important Christian theologians of his time, known for his defense of trinitarian orthodoxy, as well as his belief in the final restoration of all things. In his Great Catechism he explains basic Christian doctrines, such as the trinity and the work of Christ, salvation and purgation of the soul.
Hannah Whitall Smith was a lay speaker and author in the Holiness movement in the United States and the Higher Life movement in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. Her books are still being reprinted, though the last three chapters (containing the whole point of the book!) are censored by many publishers.
"When one who has been reared in the Evangelical Church is favorably impressed with the doctrine of Universal Salvation, it frequently happens that the many texts he has heard quoted against it, operate as stumbling blocks in his way. The author of this book believes that no text of Scripture, properly understood, in any manner traverses the grand central truth of the Gospel: God's triumph over all his foes, converting them to himself;"
"The verbal pivot on which swings the question, "Does the Bible teach the doctrine of Endless Punishment?" is the word Aión and its derivatives and reduplications. The author of this treatise has endeavored to put within brief compass the essential facts pertaining to the history and use of the word, and he thinks he has conclusively shown that it affords no support whatever to the erroneous doctrine. "
J.W. Hanson: Universalism The Prevailing Doctrine Of The Christian Church During Its First Five Hundred Years (1899)
In this classic study from 1899 J.W. Hanson went in detail with the belief in universal salvation in early Christianity. According to Hanson, universal salvation was the prevailing doctrine of the early Church.
James Relly (1722–1778) was a Welshman and Methodist minister whose theology inspired John Murray and others. The key idea in Relly's theology is the belief that humanity has been united to Jesus Christ in such a way that all human beings died with Christ on the cross, thus being made righteous by Christ alone. In his Epistles, or the Great Salvation Contemplated from 1776 Relly explained his beliefs in 11 short letters.
The central doctrine in James Relly's theology was the belief that Christ had united himself to His Church in His incarnation to such a degree that Christians have already died with him on the cross. Everything which can be said about Christ can now be said of those who are united with him. Faith is not the condition of this union, but a knowledge of this union and one's identity in Christ.
Jeremiah White (1629–1707), was a 17th-century Nonconformist minister and Puritan chaplain to Oliver Cromwell. White defended the doctrines of predestination, election and rebrobation, but these were understood in such a way, that the sanctification and salvation of the elect will be to the benefit of the reprobate, leading to the final happiness of all human beings.
Johann Wilhelm Petersen (1649–1727) was a German theologian, Philadelphian mystic, and millennialist. In his book Mystērion Apokatastaseōs Pantōn from 1700 he presented Origen's doctrine on the Restoration of all things (apokatastasis panton). In German.
Judith Sargent Murray published this catechism in 1782. Her question-and-answer format neatly explains James Relly's Universalist theology. In her preface, Judith includes a clear statement about female equality.
Julian of Norwich (1342–1416) was an English anchoress and Christian mystic and theologian. In her widely celebrated Revelations of Divine Love Julian described her visions in which Jesus appeared, frequently assuring her that "all shall be well".
"Through a very intentional plan that reaches into future ages, I believe the true Gospel is that all people for all time will be willingly and joyfully drawn by the unconditional, irresistible, compelling love of a Father into a relationship with Him through His Son."--Julie Ferwerda
By Keith DeRose, Professor of Philosophy. “Universalism is far from a mere doctrine of barren theology; many, like Paul, find great joy in the belief. [...] For myself, it’s hard to even imagine going back to my earlier way of thinking about God”--Keith DeRose
"I was just going into my study when the idea struck me; and the effect was to stop me in my tracks. There in the half-opened door I faced anew one of the old, well-known verses of the Bible, and from that day I have had a completely new Bible, and, an increasingly wonderful God."–Loyal Hurley
In this collection of lectures the English Baptist, Samuel Cox (1826–1893), defends the restorationist view that God's judgments in future ages all have the purpose of correcting and disciplining sinners. Salvator Mundi was amongst Samuel Cox's most influential works.
A discourse of the torments of hell: The foundation and pillars thereof discovered, searched, shaken and removed. With many infallible proofs, that there is not to be a punishment after this life for any to endure that shall never end.
Justification by Christ Alone - A fountain of life and comfort, Declaring that the whole work of man's salvation was accomplished by Jesus Christ upon the cross, in that He took away and healed all His, from all sins, and presented them to God holy without fault in His sight. And the Objections against this are Answered, for the consolation of such as believe, that they may not ascribe that which is proper to Christ's Priestly Office, to their believing. London 1647.
In this classic work Thomas B. Thayer argued that the doctrine of endless punishment does not occur in the Old or the New Testament. The doctrine of endless punishment, Thayer argues, originates in Pagan philosophy and religion. It entered Christianity in the first centuries after Christ.
The Wisdom of Solomon is a Jewish work composed in Alexandria (Egypt) around the 1st BC. It is one of the seven wisdom books included within the Septuagint, along with Psalms, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Songs (Song of Solomon), Job, and Sirach.