Jonah, being a sign anticipating Christ’s death and resurrection, is, according to Jacques Ellul, actually in hell (Sheol, ” the realm of the dead”). But this is exactly where he experiences the grace of God, even if he has not yet seen deliverance.
Jacques Ellul, The Judgment of Jonah (Wipf & Stock 2011) “What is really intimated is the adventure of Jesus. What happens to Jonah happens to Jesus. For Jesus took on him the fulness of man.”
Quoted from What I Believe (1989) by French theologian and professor of law, Jacques Ellul (1912-1994). I am taking up here a basic theme that I have dealt with elsewhere but which is so essential that I have no hesitation in repeating myself. It is the recognition that all people from the beginning of time … Continue reading Jacques Ellul: “A theology of grace implies universal salvation.”
“Am I a pessimist? Not at all. I am convinced that the history of the human race, no matter how tragic, will ultimately lead to the Kingdom of God.” – Jacques Ellul (1912-1994)
“All shall be well, and all shall be well, and all manner of thing shall be well.” – Julian of Norwich. In this anthology edited by Gregory MacDonald, a variety of scholars present historical examples of the Christian belief in universal salvation.