Origen on God's "consuming fire"

Origen on God’s “consuming fire”

The Platonic philosopher Celsus had argued against the supposed cruelty of the Christian idea of God as a "consuming fire" that tortures sinners. Origen, eager to defend the goodness of God, argued against Celsus that God only punishes in order to correct and save ...
Thomas Allin: A Chain of Passages From Scripture Declaring God's Purpose

Thomas Allin: A Chain of Passages From Scripture Declaring God’s Purpose

These passages are, I repeat, not taken at random and piled up any way. They are the expression of that Purpose that runs though the Bible. It is a Purpose first stated in man's creation in God's image; a Purpose to be traced in the Law, the Psalms and Prophets; ...
Hannah Whitall Smith: Three Censored Chapters of The Unselfishness of God And How I Discovered It

Hannah Whitall Smith: Three Censored Chapters of The Unselfishness of God And How I Discovered It

In her book, Smith explained how she came to embrace the belief in the final restitution of all things. However, the last three chapters (containing the whole point of the book!) have been censored by many Christian publishers ...
John Cassian on free will, grace and the salvation of all

John Cassian on free will, grace and the salvation of all

"Sometimes He delays and hinders our injurious purposes and deadly attempts from having their horrible effects, and, while we are rushing headlong towards death, draws us back to salvation, and rescues us without our knowing it from the jaws of hell." ...
"There is bound to be a Christian invasion of hell" Walter Rauschenbusch on eschatology

“There is bound to be a Christian invasion of hell” Walter Rauschenbusch on eschatology

The American theologian and Baptist pastor Walter Rauschenbusch (1861–1918) is most famous for his notion of the "social gospel". But while emphasizing the partial presence of the Kingdom of God in this life, Rauschenbusch did not ignore matters of soteriology and eschatology ...
Basil of Caesarea (probably) on Isaiah 9:5ff

Basil of Caesarea (probably) on Isaiah 9:5ff

"For all shall be subjected to Him and all shall recognise His mastery, and when God shall be all in all (1 Cor. 15:28), and those making an uproar by their apostasies are silenced, all in peaceful harmony shall praise God with hymns." ...
"A harmony of thanksgiving will arise from all creation" Gregory of Nyssa on the salvation of all creation

“A harmony of thanksgiving will arise from all creation” Gregory of Nyssa on the salvation of all creation

Excerpt from Gregory of Nyssa’s Great Catechism (II,25-26): That Deity should be born in our nature, ought not reasonably to present any strangeness to the minds of those who do not take too narrow a view of things. For who, when he takes a survey of the universe, is so ...
The Paschal homily of John Chrysostomos

The Paschal homily of John Chrysostomos

Let none lament his poverty; for the universal Kingdom is revealed. Let none bewail his transgressions; for the light of forgiveness has risen from the tomb. Let none fear death; for death of the Saviour has set us free ...
Did God forsake Christ? Timothy Keller's (supposedly) trinitarian heterodoxy and a Patristic alternative

Did God forsake Christ? Timothy Keller’s (supposedly) trinitarian heterodoxy and a Patristic alternative

Gregory of Nazianzen represents a viable alternative to the allegedly heterodox notion of the atonement represented by reformed theologians such as Keller. The Father did not forsake Christ, but Christ cried out on part of humanity on the cross ...
Pierre Cuppe: Heaven Open to All Men (1743)

Pierre Cuppe: Heaven Open to All Men (1743)

Central to Cuppe's argument is the distinction between the "earthly man", Adam, and "the heavenly man", Christ. Both represent humanity in its entirety. Antichrist is nothing but humanity considered in its sinful state without God. Every human person, considered as the offspring of Adam can be called the "Antichrist", Cuppe ...
Athanasius on the purpose of the incarnation: "This He did out of sheer love for us, so that in His death all might die, and the law of death thereby be abolished"

Athanasius on the purpose of the incarnation: “This He did out of sheer love for us, so that in His death all might die, and the law of death thereby be abolished”

This He did out of sheer love for us, so that in His death all might die, and the law of death thereby be abolished because, having fulfilled in His body that for which it was appointed, it was thereafter voided of its power for men. This He did that ...
In the heart of the earth: Jesus and the sign of Jonah

In the heart of the earth: Jesus and the sign of Jonah

The intense struggle Christ underwent in the garden to enter this unknown state of existence farther from the Father than He had ever been, and to battle his own will and then overcome his human instinct for survival for our salvation gives us further insight into the wondrous depth of ...
What does it mean to be "born again"? T.F. Torrance on regeneration with Christ

What does it mean to be “born again”? T.F. Torrance on regeneration with Christ

"During my first week of office as Moderator of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland when I presided at the Assembly's Gaelic Service, a Highlander asked me when I had been born again. I still recall his face when I told him I had been born again when ...
John Milbank: "Christianity has to now embrace apocatastasis as the orthodoxy it has always been."

John Milbank: “Christianity has to now embrace apocatastasis as the orthodoxy it has always been.”

Proponents of so-called Radical Orthodoxy has been quite explicit recently in their support for the classical, patristic idea of the restitution of all things. This is good news ...
"Hearing they may hear and not understand". Sermon on the parable of the sower (Mark 4:2-12)

“Hearing they may hear and not understand”. Sermon on the parable of the sower (Mark 4:2-12)

If we did understand anything, we would be capable of converting ourselves, and earn forgiveness. But this is exactly what we are not capable of. The good news is that God has mercy on us anyway – or perhaps rather, that this is exactly what makes it possible for God ...
"As open as the outstretched arms of Christ on the cross" - Jürgen Moltmann on The Lord's Supper

“As open as the outstretched arms of Christ on the cross” – Jürgen Moltmann on The Lord’s Supper

The Lord's supper takes place on the basis of an invitation which is as open as the outstretched arms of Christ on the cross. Because he died for the reconciliation of 'the world', the world is invited to reconciliation in the supper ...
Recovering the Primitive Baptist doctrine of 'Justification From Eternity' in a non-particularistic framework

Recovering the Primitive Baptist doctrine of ‘Justification From Eternity’ in a non-particularistic framework

The debate about the time of justification is far from just being a matter of speculation. It is relevant for practical theology, as it raises questions for mission and evangelism: Is preaching imperative for saving people or is it rather the joyful revelation of something which is already true about ...
James Relly: The Great Salvation Contemplated, epistle IV

James Relly: The Great Salvation Contemplated, epistle IV

"When I hear God himself promise a blessing to mankind, my mind immediately conceives of somewhat very different from a curse: but if men are not blessed with eternal life, it is easily proved, that all other blessings, so called, terminate in a curse. When I hear it promised, that ...
Every Eye Will See Him (Rev. 1:7)

Every Eye Will See Him (Rev. 1:7)

What does it mean that every eye will see Him? God is now quickening His first fruit company of sons who see His coming and who are beholding the appearing of His life within. To behold or to see signifies a knowing and understanding. Rest assured that in the finality ...
"Jesus rises from the waters; the world rises with him."

“Jesus rises from the waters; the world rises with him.”

Gregory of Nazianzen seems to grasp some of the significance of the baptism of Christ in his baptismal sermon, when he marvelously stated that in his baptism "Jesus rises from the waters; the world rises with him." The baptism of Christ is truly the baptism of us all in him ...
My eyes have seen your salvation!

My eyes have seen your salvation!

The salvation of God is there whether we see it or not. But when we see it, seeing brings joy – if it doesn’t, it’s not the salvation of God that we see. The sight of God's salvation does not leave us unaltered. Seeing God’s salvation means taking part here ...
“Lord, do not hold this sin against them.” Sermon for Stephen's day

“Lord, do not hold this sin against them.” Sermon for Stephen’s day

In the midst of celebrating Christmas, we should keep in mind that not all Christians are lucky to live in peace and safety. By commemorating the martyrdom of Stephen we also commemorate those Christians who are persecuted today. But we are also thereby reminded, that God forgives even those who ...
The Son of God was made man! Irenaeus on the coming of God in Christ

The Son of God was made man! Irenaeus on the coming of God in Christ

How shall man pass into God, unless God has passed into man? And how shall he escape from the generation subject to death, if not by means of a new generation, given in a wonderful and unexpected manner by God— that regeneration which flows from the virgin through faith? ...
G.K. Chesterton's solemn warning against one-sided hope (and a few thoughts on some alternatives)

G.K. Chesterton’s solemn warning against one-sided hope (and a few thoughts on some alternatives)

The Christian hope for all is always in spite of our very plausible, realistic and as such urgent pessimisms about the destiny of most people in the present. This is why the Christian hope for all is a call to action here and now rather than passivity ...
"Death has lost its power over all." Athanasius on the union of Christ with humankind

“Death has lost its power over all.” Athanasius on the union of Christ with humankind

For Athanasius, the divinity of Christ was crucial for the salvation of humanity. By receiving a human body, Christ, the eternal Word of God, bestowed the gift of his divinity upon our humanity, says Athanasius. "by virtue of the Word’s indwelling in a single human body, the corruption which goes ...
James Relly: The Great Salvation Contemplated, epistle III

James Relly: The Great Salvation Contemplated, epistle III

Hence, I propose, that the elect are not a people chosen to be the objects of God’s love and salvation, to the final exclusion of others: but a people chosen to believe the truth, and to rejoice in the salvation of Jesus in time; while others yet remain in a ...
Gregory of Nyssa: A treatise on First Corinthians 15:28 (In Illud)

Gregory of Nyssa: A treatise on First Corinthians 15:28 (In Illud)

Gregory argues that the subjection spoken of by Paul is in both instances not a forced, but a free and joyful subjection, that leads to salvation of all who are subjected to God through Christ ...
James Relly: The Great Salvation Contemplated, epistle I+II

James Relly: The Great Salvation Contemplated, epistle I+II

"There are but few individuals, so crucified to system, so detached from party, as to see and confess this truth much less can they perceive, how those doctrines, so seemingly contradictory, and opposite to each other, should yet be one in Christ, and preaching the same salvation, in the same ...
Jesus and the sign of the prophet Jonah

Jesus and the sign of the prophet Jonah

When Jesus talks about the sign of the prophet Jonah, it is not so much about us, but first of all about Jesus. The story of Jonah is a story about the cross and resurrection of Christ. It is Jesus who is to experience the uttermost darkness at the bottom ...
"He came to save all through means of Himself" Irenaeus on the humanity of Christ

“He came to save all through means of Himself” Irenaeus on the humanity of Christ

For He came to save all through means of Himself — all, I say, who through Him are born again to God — infants, and children, and boys, and youths, and old men ...
Who are Jesus' flock? Notes for a sermon on sheep

Who are Jesus’ flock? Notes for a sermon on sheep

To belong to the flock of Christ - to be a part of his church - means to confess that he is one with the Father and that all and everything has been put into his hands. This also means to have a hope that is larger than a particular ...
Jacques Ellul on Jonah's song: "God has been gracious from the very beginning"

Jacques Ellul on Jonah’s song: “God has been gracious from the very beginning”

Jonah, being a sign anticipating Christ's death and resurrection, is, according to Jacques Ellul, actually in hell (Sheol, " the realm of the dead"). But this is exactly where he experiences the grace of God, even if he has not yet seen deliverance ...
Karl Barth: "God has mercy on us." Sermon from the Basel prison

Karl Barth: “God has mercy on us.” Sermon from the Basel prison

The arms of his eternal love, if I may say so, are already outstretched when he makes us prisoners of disobedience. He does so in order to have mercy on all. Barth on Romans 11:32 ...
Bonhoeffer: "God goes to all people in their need"

Bonhoeffer: “God goes to all people in their need”

God goes to all people in their need, fills body and soul with God’s own bread, goes for Christians and heathens to Calvary’s death and forgives them both ...
Athanasius on eternal election

Athanasius on eternal election

Nor in any other way was it fitting that our life should be founded, but in the Lord who is before the ages, and through whom the ages were brought to be; that, since it was in Him, we too might be able to inherit that everlasting life ...
"The theology of the cross is the true Christian universalism" - Moltmann on the Gentile centurion and Jesus' Easter appearances

“The theology of the cross is the true Christian universalism” – Moltmann on the Gentile centurion and Jesus’ Easter appearances

There is no distinction here, and there cannot be any more distinctions. All are sinners without distinction, and all will be made righteous without any merit on their part by his grace which has come to pass in Christ Jesus (Rom. 3:24) ...
"Who is my opponent? I, he says, am the Christ." Melito of Sardis On the Passover

“Who is my opponent? I, he says, am the Christ.” Melito of Sardis On the Passover

"Who is my opponent? I, he says, am the Christ. I am the one who destroyed death, and triumphed over the enemy, and trampled Hades under foot, and bound the strong one, and carried off man to the heights of heaven, I, he says, am the Christ." ...
The woman with the alabaster jar

The woman with the alabaster jar

This is what the story of the woman with alabaster jar reminds us: That the kingdom of God explodes all our narrow concerns and ideas of justice. Instead we are to look to Jesus as the woman did. When we do that we are ready to help the poor, who ...
Why the gospel is not 'universalism', but good news for all

Why the gospel is not ‘universalism’, but good news for all

The gospel is simply the good news that Jesus Christ is the savior of the world, that he died for all, and that all has been and will be made righteous by his death. Theological ideologies, ’-isms’, are the attempts of human beings to impose limitations on the gospel, making ...
What does it mean that Jesus fulfilled "all righteousness" when he was baptized?

What does it mean that Jesus fulfilled “all righteousness” when he was baptized?

What does it mean that Jesus fulfilled “all righteousness” when he was baptized? Jesus’ whole life, his ministry, beginning from his baptism by John in the Jordan until his suffering and death on the cross, is the “baptism” that fulfills all righteousness. Just as all died with him on the ...
"Fear not! I bring you good news of great joy, that shall be to all the people."

“Fear not! I bring you good news of great joy, that shall be to all the people.”

When Jesus comes to us, he comes to us in all our poverty. He was born on the edge of civilisation, in a manger. Jesus comes to us as one without possesions. Restless, like Cain. But unlike him Jesus accepts his situation. He comes to us as one who does ...
The king is coming! Notes for a sermon for Advent

The king is coming! Notes for a sermon for Advent

This is the meaning of advent: That Jesus is coming – the Kingdom of God is coming. Not just somewhere far off in the future, but every day, in all circumstances of your life. He is coming right now, and with him he brings peace and light to everyone who ...
Charles Spurgeon's Ambivalent View on Justification

Charles Spurgeon’s Ambivalent View on Justification

If "it is God that justifieth," Rom. 8:33, and if the act of justification lies solely in God “estimating, accounting, and constituting” a sinner as righteous, then Spurgeon must be wrong in asserting that justification is a transient act, for these are all terms that denote an action of the ...
A "great kindness to Man": Death as divine gift according to Patristic theologies

A “great kindness to Man”: Death as divine gift according to Patristic theologies

It's a common idea in Patristic theology that death is not just a punishment but also in a way a gift, as it puts a limit to sin, and makes it possible for God to recreate fallen creature through the resurrection ...
Hans Denck and yieldedness as the solution to the problem of the (un)free will

Hans Denck and yieldedness as the solution to the problem of the (un)free will

According to Denck, God lets human beings feel the consequences of sin, in order to teach us that we cannot rest on our own will. God is not the cause of sin, but he uses what is apparently evil, as a means of salvation ...
Karl Barth on the universality of the atonement and the particularity of the work of the Spirit

Karl Barth on the universality of the atonement and the particularity of the work of the Spirit

In the first volume of the fourth part of his Church Dogmatics Karl Barth argued that the atonement was true and real for all human beings as a result of the work of Jesus Christ. The difference between Christians and non-Christians, is that Christians are those who have heard the ...
James Relly on the "Grace and truth of Union"

James Relly on the “Grace and truth of Union”

James Relly’s theology revolved around the idea of union. Everything which can be said about Christ can now be said of those who are united with him. Relly developed the core aspects of this idea in his Union: or, a Treatise of the Consanguinity and Affinity between Christ and his ...
Jürgen Moltmann: The Coming of God

Jürgen Moltmann: The Coming of God

Jürgen Moltmann (1926-) is a German Reformed theologian and Professor Emeritus of Systematic Theology at the University of Tübingen. In his book The Coming of God Moltmann deals extensively with Christian eschatology. "True hope must be universal, because its healing future embraces every individual and the whole universe. If we ...
James Relly: "Has he fulfilled all righteousness? So have we. Is he justified? So are we."

James Relly: “Has he fulfilled all righteousness? So have we. Is he justified? So are we.”

The central doctrine in Relly’s theology was the belief that the atonement and justification must be understood in terms of union with Christ. All human beings died with Christ on the cross. Faith is not a condition for justification, but only the knowledge that one has already been justified by ...
Jacques Ellul: "A theology of grace implies universal salvation."

Jacques Ellul: “A theology of grace implies universal salvation.”

Quoted from What I Believe (1989) by French theologian and professor of law, Jacques Ellul (1912-1994). Jacques Ellul, What I Believe (Eerdmans 1989) I am taking up here a basic theme that I have dealt with elsewhere but which is so essential that I have no hesitation in repeating myself ...
What’s the scriptural basis for calling all people “God’s people”?

What’s the scriptural basis for calling all people “God’s people”?

By Jack Gillespie. "Well, of course, there aren’t any verses that come right out and say, “all people are now God’s people because of the work of Christ.” If there were, the conversation would be over. But I see it throughout the New Testament (and even suggested in the Old ...
Thomas Whittemore: 100 Scriptural Proofs That Jesus Christ Will Save All Mankind

Thomas Whittemore: 100 Scriptural Proofs That Jesus Christ Will Save All Mankind

What a blessed assurance! Grace shall conquer sin? In every heart where sin has reigned, grace shall set up its empire. Grace shall reign triumphantly and successfully. We see not yet all this done; but it shall be done at last ...
Marvin R. Vincent: Note on 'eternal destruction' (Olethron Aionion)

Marvin R. Vincent: Note on ‘eternal destruction’ (Olethron Aionion)

"They will be punished with eternal destruction (olethron aionion)" (2 Thes. 1:9). Aionios means enduring through or pertaining to a period of time. Both the noun and the adjective are applied to limited periods. Thus the phrase eis ton aiona, habitually rendered forever, is often used of duration which is ...
99 Verses of Cheer For Us All

99 Verses of Cheer For Us All

Compiled by Peter Hinners. Luke 2:10-14 KJV I bring you good tidings of great joy, which shall be to all people. For unto you is born this day in the city of David a Savior, who is Christ the Lord… Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace, ...
Elhanan Winchester: The Gospel Preached by the Apostles (1788)

Elhanan Winchester: The Gospel Preached by the Apostles (1788)

"Both Calvinists and Arminians, are right--in many things: and, perhaps, both are under mistakes, in some things: and in nothing do they both mistake more, than in supposing, (as both of them do) that the doctrines of particular and general redemption, are contrary the one to the other" ...
Keith DeRose: Universalism and the Bible - The Really Good News

Keith DeRose: Universalism and the Bible – The Really Good News

“Universalism is far from a mere doctrine of barren theology; many, like Paul, find great joy in the belief. [...] For myself, it’s hard to even imagine going back to my earlier way of thinking about God”--Keith DeRose ...
Exceptions to God's love? A thought on violence and salvation, Anabaptists, Yoder, Barth and Luther

Exceptions to God’s love? A thought on violence and salvation, Anabaptists, Yoder, Barth and Luther

Note: This is a repost of a post from contrafatum.blogspot.com In the Lutheran Augsburg Confession (CA) the so-called Anabaptists were condemned not just for their baptist practices but also for their views on eschatology, soteriology and ethics. First there is the Anabaptist rejection of violence. The Lutherans condemned the Anabaptists ...
What is "the resurrection of life" and "the resurrection of damnation" (John 5:28-29)?

What is “the resurrection of life” and “the resurrection of damnation” (John 5:28-29)?

“[A]ll that are in the grave shall hear his voice, and shall come forth; they that have done good unto the resurrection of life; and they that have done evil unto the resurrection of damnation.”—John 5:28-29 ...
"It's hell enough down here." What do Primitive Baptist Universalists believe?

“It’s hell enough down here.” What do Primitive Baptist Universalists believe?

"Christ’s atonement was for all humankind and at Resurrection will irrevocably come to pass for all humankind; just as, irrevocably, Adam’s transgression earlier had condemned all to the sinful state of natural man." ...
Charles Slagle: The Good News of Christ's Total Victory

Charles Slagle: The Good News of Christ’s Total Victory

"Christ bought us ALL back by His own blood shed at Calvary. He came to earth for this purpose: to destroy the devil's deceptive works and to save that which was lost. Eventually our Lord will fulfill His sure purpose and inherit ALL He paid for."--Charles Slagle ...
Thomas Allin: "Aion and Aionios"

Thomas Allin: “Aion and Aionios”

On the words often translated "eternity" and "eternal" in the Bible. From Thomas Allin's Christ Triumphant ...
J. Preston Eby: Is Man a "free moral agent"?

J. Preston Eby: Is Man a “free moral agent”?

"Oh, no, beloved, man is not a free moral agent. JESUS CHRIST IS THE ONLY MAN WHO IS A FREE MORAL AGENT. And He made the right choice, the one and only right decision. And HE MADE IT FOR US ALL!"--J. Preston Eby ...
Judith Sargent Murray: Catechism (1782)

Judith Sargent Murray: Catechism (1782)

Judith Sargent Murray published this catechism in 1782. Her question-and-answer format neatly explains James Relly's Universalist theology. In her preface, Judith includes a clear statement about female equality ...
J. Preston Eby: "If Everyone is Going to be Saved, Why Preach?"

J. Preston Eby: "If Everyone is Going to be Saved, Why Preach?"

"The knowledge of God’s gracious purpose does not make true men of God careless. It makes them long to become a part of His will and an instrument in His plan of the ages." - J. Preston Eby ...
Gerry Beauchemin: Hope Beyond Hell

Gerry Beauchemin: Hope Beyond Hell

"We need to recognize that God integrates both mercy and judgment. This factor is a crucial piece of the puzzle helping us to better understand God‘s plan for all" - Gerry Beauchemin ...
Keith DeRose: Universalism and the Bible - The Really Good News

Keith DeRose: Universalism and the Bible – The Really Good News

"So, show me someone who's under divine punishment forever, or who is simply annihilated, and I'll show you someone who's never reconciled to God through Christ, and thus someone who gives the lie to this passage." - Keith DeRose on Col. 1:19-20 ...
William Barclay: Reasons for believing in universal salvation

William Barclay: Reasons for believing in universal salvation

"I am a convinced universalist. I believe that in the end all men will be gathered into the love of God." - William Barclay ...
J. Preston Eby: The Two Hands of God

J. Preston Eby: The Two Hands of God

“He will use the surgeon’s knife when He sees a tumor of self-will or a deadly virus of carnality sapping our spiritual lives, or when He sees the cancerous growth of sin. He does not hesitate to deal with us severely. We must learn this fact early: He loves us ...
Elhanan Winchester: The Outcasts Comforted - Sermon on Universal Restoration (1782)

Elhanan Winchester: The Outcasts Comforted – Sermon on Universal Restoration (1782)

"One will say, God loves all his creatures without exception, that he is good to all and his tender mercies are over all his works. Another will maintain that all the objects of his love must finally come to the enjoyment of himself; and that his mercy endureth forever and ...
The Schizophrenic Gospel? Christian and Anti-Christian Paradoxes

The Schizophrenic Gospel? Christian and Anti-Christian Paradoxes

In the schizophrenic gospel, God is both darkness and light. In the Christian gospel, there is no darkness in God (1 John 1:5), but God’s light reveals, contradicts and convicts our darkness. The so-called double-bind theory was developed by Gregory Bateson in the 1950s as an explanation for schizophrenia. It ...
Libertinism vs. Christianity?

Libertinism vs. Christianity?

What if the truth is, that if God is dead, then there is no freedom, no liberty, and then nothing is allowed? What if God’s apparent death means, that we are at the mercy of the forces of nature, sociology, capitalism, the state, technology, violence, you name it? ...
In our darkness

In our darkness

For God darkness is as light. Through his own dying Christ has overpowered our enemy, death, and turned darkness into light. This is why he can now take each and every one of your darkest sorrows and worries, and turn them into blinding lights ...
Julie Ferwerda: Raising Hell - Christianity's most controversial doctrine put under fire!

Julie Ferwerda: Raising Hell – Christianity’s most controversial doctrine put under fire!

"Through a very intentional plan that reaches into future ages, I believe the true Gospel is that all people for all time will be willingly and joyfully drawn by the unconditional, irresistible, compelling love of a Father into a relationship with Him through His Son."--Julie Ferwerda ...
Loyal F. Hurley: The Outcome of Infinite Grace

Loyal F. Hurley: The Outcome of Infinite Grace

In this classic Seventh Day Baptist pastor Loyal Hurley explained his views on salvation and eschatology. The book is an easily read, precise exposition of Biblical doctrines on salvation and grace ...
More thoughts behind the website: Doing theology in the light of the gospel of infinite grace

More thoughts behind the website: Doing theology in the light of the gospel of infinite grace

The purpose of this website is not to teach soteriological universalism as a ‘theological doctrine’, but to help deconstruct and reconstruct  traditional concepts such as salvation, damnation, election, predestination, divine judgment and so on. God is free to have or not to have mercy on whom he wills (Rom. 9:18), ...
The blasphemy against the Holy Ghost (Matt. 12:31-32; Mark 3:28-30; Luke 12:10)

The blasphemy against the Holy Ghost (Matt. 12:31-32; Mark 3:28-30; Luke 12:10)

What is "the blasphemy against the Holy Ghost"? (Matt. 12:31-32; Mark 3:28-30; Luke 12:10) ...
The sheep and the goats (Matt. 25:31-46)

The sheep and the goats (Matt. 25:31-46)

From J.W. Hanson’s Bible Threatenings Explained. Matt. 25:46 is the great proof text of the doctrine of endless punishment: “These shall go away into everlasting punishment, and the righteous into life eternal.” That the popular view of this language is incorrect is evident, because those punished are those who have ...
Hell (Gehenna) in the Bible

Hell (Gehenna) in the Bible

From J.W. Hanson’s Bible Threatenings Explained. “And fear not them which kill the body, but are not able to kill the soul: but rather fear him which is able to destroy both soul and body in Hell (Gehenna).” (Matt. 10:28) “But I will forewarn you whom you shall fear: Fear ...
The rich man and Lazarus (Luke 14:22-23)

The rich man and Lazarus (Luke 14:22-23)

How should we understand the parable of Lazarus and the rich man? (Luke 14:22-23) ...
Adam's punishment

Adam's punishment

From J.W. Hanson’s Bible Threatenings Explained. “And the Lord God commanded the man, saying: Of every tree of the garden thou mayest freely eat; but of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it; for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou ...
The second death (Rev. 21:8; Rev. 20:12-14)

The second death (Rev. 21:8; Rev. 20:12-14)

What is "the second death" (Rev 21:8; Rev 20:12-14)? ...
Joseph E. Kirk: The eons of the Bible

Joseph E. Kirk: The eons of the Bible

"God’s purpose in creating man, and God’s purpose of the eons are inseparably related. Many are unfamiliar with this important subject because the facts have been concealed by incorrect and misleading translations of the Bible from the original languages into English."–Joseph E. Kirk ...