Ignatius on Christ's True Passion (Epistle to the Smyrneans)

Ignatius on Christ’s True Passion (Epistle to the Smyrneans)

Ignatius counters the docetist claim that the sufferings of Christ (the Word) was only apparent, the incarnation being "in appearance only". No, says Ignatius, the Word really did suffer "for our sakes" and when his flesh was being lifted up to the cross he drew "all men to Himself for ...
Jeremiah White: "the Salvation of all Men is a done thing with God"

Jeremiah White: “the Salvation of all Men is a done thing with God”

Jeremiah White (1629–1707), was a 17th-century Nonconformist minister and Puritan chaplain to Oliver Cromwell. White defended the doctrines of predestination, election and rebrobation, but these were understood in such a way, that the sanctification and salvation of the elect will be to the benefit of the reprobate, leading to the ...
Nicolaus Zinzendorf: "By this his name all can and shall obtain life and salvation"

Nicolaus Zinzendorf: “By this his name all can and shall obtain life and salvation”

The name of Jesus is his own proper name, which he bears as our flesh and blood for the benefit of all men, be they ever so dead sick, or ever so miserable and sinful, by this his name all can and shall obtain life and salvation ...
Robin Parry: The Perennial “Heresy”

Robin Parry: The Perennial “Heresy”

Might it be that the chief impulses behind the deviancy, in its many Christian versions, are integrally related to deep Christian convictions—about God’s love and goodness and justice, about the dignity of humans in God’s image, about the victory of Christ over sin and death, and so on ...
Peter Böhler (1712-1775)

Peter Böhler (1712-1775)

Peter (or Petrus) Böhler (1712-1775) was a German-English Moravian bishop and missionary. Böhler, as witnessed by George Whitefield in a letter to John Wesley, apparently confessed his beliefs in a universal redemption ...
Universal Reconciliation in the Roman Catholic Church – encouraging references

Universal Reconciliation in the Roman Catholic Church – encouraging references

Guest post by Peter Hinners. Through the centuries the Roman Catholic Church has periodically convened in councils, the first in AD 325 in Nicaea, and the last from 1962 to 1965 in Rome. This last council – the Second Vatican Council – has so influenced the modern Roman Catholic Church ...
Reconciling Conflicting Convictions on the Sovereignty of God and the Freedom of Human Beings: Three Centuries (16th-18th) of Baptist Universalism

Reconciling Conflicting Convictions on the Sovereignty of God and the Freedom of Human Beings: Three Centuries (16th-18th) of Baptist Universalism

Should we emphasize the sovereignty of God at the cost of having to narrow the scope of his love and mercy and the freedom of human beings? Or should we instead emphasize the universal scope of God's love as well as the freedom of human beings to resist grace at ...
When Mr. Murray met a "young lady"

When Mr. Murray met a “young lady”

Central to James Relly, John and Judith Murray, was the idea, that it is not our faith that makes Jesus our savior, but rather that our faith is a recognition of the fact that he is our savior even before we believe. In his memoirs John Murray tells the story ...
Christoph Blumhardt (1842-1919)

Christoph Blumhardt (1842-1919)

"There can be no question of God's giving up anything or anyone in the whole world, either today or in all eternity. The end has to be: Behold, everything is God's!" ...
Is "Origenism" heresy? On the fifth ecumenical council in 553

Is “Origenism” heresy? On the fifth ecumenical council in 553

Origen of Alexandria (184-253) It might come as a surprise to some, that the doctrine of universal restitution or “apokatastasis”, let alone the belief that all human beings will be saved eventually, has never as such been condemned by any of the ancient ecumical church councils. Sometimes, however, it is ...
Robin A. Parry: The Baptist Universalist: Elhanan Winchester (1751–97)

Robin A. Parry: The Baptist Universalist: Elhanan Winchester (1751–97)

In this article, based on a lecture at the Centre for Baptist History and Heritage at Regent Park College in Oxford in 2011, Robin Parry in detail describes the life and theology of the important Universal Baptist preacher and abolitionist Elhanan Winchester ...
Samuel Cox (1826–1893)

Samuel Cox (1826–1893)

Samuel Cox (1826–1893). Picture kindly provided by Alan Wilson, Mansfield Road Baptist Church. Samuel Cox was an English Baptist minister and writer, born near London. At the age of fourteen he was apprenticed at the London docks, where his father was employed. Having passed the exam at Stepney College he ...
Georg Klein-Nicolai: The Everlasting Gospel (1705/1753)

Georg Klein-Nicolai: The Everlasting Gospel (1705/1753)

The Everlasting Gospel was written by the German pastor Georg Klein-Nicolai (1671-1734). Klein-Nicolai’s theology is firmly grounded in the biblical belief that God is love and that no creatures can resist his will in the end ...
Theologia Germanica (Deutsche Theologie) (14th century)

Theologia Germanica (Deutsche Theologie) (14th century)

Theologia Germanica or Deutsche Theologie, probably from the 14th century, was a major source of inspiration for adherents of the radical reformation, especially South German spiritualists such as the Anabaptist Hans Denck, and later Pietism ...
Andrew Jukes (1815-1901)

Andrew Jukes (1815-1901)

"The “second death” therefore, so far from being, as some think, the hopeless shutting up of man for ever in the curse of disobedience, will, if I err not, be God’s way to free those who in no other way than by such a death can be delivered out of ...
Samuel Richardson (1602-1658)

Samuel Richardson (1602-1658)

"Look above, and hearken to the sweet voice in the region of love. What are the voices in heaven? they agree in one: no voice comes from heaven, but love, peace, and good will to man."--Samuel Richardson ...
"It's hell enough down here." What do Primitive Baptist Universalists believe?

“It’s hell enough down here.” What do Primitive Baptist Universalists believe?

"Christ’s atonement was for all humankind and at Resurrection will irrevocably come to pass for all humankind; just as, irrevocably, Adam’s transgression earlier had condemned all to the sinful state of natural man." ...
John Wesley Hanson (1823–1901)

John Wesley Hanson (1823–1901)

"In one word, a careful study of the early history of the Christian religion, will show that the doctrine of universal restoration was least prevalent in the darkest, and prevailed most in the most enlightened, of the earliest centuries–that it was the prevailing doctrine in the Primitive Christian Church."--John Wesley ...
Johann Wilhelm Petersen (1649-1727)

Johann Wilhelm Petersen (1649-1727)

Johann Wilhelm Petersen was a German-Danish theologian and Lutheran pastor. With his wife he developed a radical form of pietism in which the belief in Universal Restitution came to play a central role ...
Dietrich Bonhoeffer (1906–1945)

Dietrich Bonhoeffer (1906–1945)

"Justification and sanctification are inconceivable for anyone if that individual believer cannot be assured that God will embrace not only them but all those for whose sins they are responsible.”–Dietrich Bonhoeffer ...
John Murray (1741-1815)

John Murray (1741-1815)

"We shall all be happy, we were made for happiness: "God hath not created but to bless." Happiness, however, is not designed for us in the present state; in the world we are taught to expect tribulation. But in the Saviour, blessed be his balmy name, in the Redeemer, we ...
Alexander Mack (1679-1735)

Alexander Mack (1679-1735)

Alexander Mack was the leader and first minister of the Schwarzenau Brethren (or German Baptists) in Schwarzenau, Germany ...
Elhanan Winchester (1751-1797)

Elhanan Winchester (1751-1797)

"Our belief respecting the restoration of all things is not only founded upon the plainest letter of scripture (as all may see, who will be at the pains to read over the printed collection of texts) but is exactly according to the experience of every Christian." - Elhanan Winchester ...
J.W. Hanson: Universalism The Prevailing Doctrine Of The Christian Church During Its First Five Hundred Years (1899)

J.W. Hanson: Universalism The Prevailing Doctrine Of The Christian Church During Its First Five Hundred Years (1899)

In this classic study from 1899 J.W. Hanson went in detail with the belief in universal salvation in early Christianity. According to Hanson, universal salvation was the prevailing doctrine of the early Church ...
Ilaria Ramelli: The Christian Doctrine of Apokatastasis

Ilaria Ramelli: The Christian Doctrine of Apokatastasis

In this extensive work of scholarly literature Dr. Ilaria Ramelli goes into detail with the classical doctrine of universal restitution (apokatastasis) as it is found from the New Testament until the middle ages ...
Ramelli & Konstan: Terms for Eternity: Aiônios and Aïdios in Classical and Christian Texts

Ramelli & Konstan: Terms for Eternity: Aiônios and Aïdios in Classical and Christian Texts

The words translated "eternal", "eternity" or "forever" in traditional Bible translations do not, in fact, mean eternity or eternal in the sense of endless duration, but "age" or "age-enduring" ...
Jacques Ellul (1912-1994)

Jacques Ellul (1912-1994)

"Am I a pessimist? Not at all. I am convinced that the history of the human race, no matter how tragic, will ultimately lead to the Kingdom of God." - Jacques Ellul (1912-1994) ...
Hannah Whitall Smith (1832-1911)

Hannah Whitall Smith (1832-1911)

"I saw all this that day on the tram-car on Market street, Philadelphia --not only thought it, or hoped it, or even believed it--but knew it. It was a Divine fact."–Hannah Whitall Smith in The Unselfishness of God and How I Discovered It ...
George MacDonald: Love Thy Neighbour (1867)

George MacDonald: Love Thy Neighbour (1867)

"St Paul would be wretched before the throne of God, if he thought there was one man beyond the pale of his mercy, and that as much for God's glory as for the man's sake." - George MacDonald ...
Søren Kierkegaard (1813-1855): "If the others are going to hell, then I am going along with them."

Søren Kierkegaard (1813-1855): “If the others are going to hell, then I am going along with them.”

"If others go to Hell, I will go too. But I do not believe that; on the contrary, I believe that all will be saved, myself with them—something which arouses my deepest amazement." - Søren Kierkegaard in Journals and Papers, Vol. 6 ...
Gerrard Winstanley (1609–1676)

Gerrard Winstanley (1609–1676)

"Christ Jesus will deliver all mankind out of bondage. This I see to be a truth by testimony of Scripture, as God is pleased to teach me. But this mystery of God is not to be done all at once, but in several dispensations, some whereof are past, some are ...
Gregory of Nyssa (335-395 AD)

Gregory of Nyssa (335-395 AD)

"God will be both all and in all. God's nature will become all to us and will take the place of all, distributing itself in a way that will be suitable to the needs of that life." - Gregory of Nyssa (335-395 AD) ...
Clement of Alexandria (150-215 AD)

Clement of Alexandria (150-215 AD)

”God’s punishments are saving and disciplinary, leading to conversion, and choosing rather the repentance than the death of a sinner”–Clement of Alexandria ...
Anthology: "All Shall Be Well"

Anthology: “All Shall Be Well”

"All shall be well, and all shall be well, and all manner of thing shall be well." - Julian of Norwich. In this anthology edited by Gregory MacDonald, a variety of scholars present historical examples of the Christian belief in universal salvation ...
Church Fathers on salvation

Church Fathers on salvation

“The mass of men (Christians) say there is to be an end to punishment and to those who are punished.” — St. Basil the Great “There are very many in our day, who though not denying the Holy Scriptures, do not believe in endless torments.” — Augustine (354-430 A.D.) “For ...
Morwenna Ludlow: Universal Salvation

Morwenna Ludlow: Universal Salvation

Eschatology in the Thought of Gregory of Nyssa and Karl Rahner From the book description: “For nearly two thousand years Paul’s suggestion at the end of 1 Corinthians 15 that God will be ‘all in all’ has appealed to those who hold a ‘wider hope’ that eventually no person will ...
Origen (184-253 AD): "God will be “all in all”"

Origen (184-253 AD): "God will be “all in all”"

"“Stronger than all the evils in the soul is the Word, and the healing power that dwells in him, and this healing He applies, according to the will of God, to everyman. The consummation of all things is the destruction of evil…" ...