Category Archives: Church History

Universal Reconciliation in the Roman Catholic Church – encouraging references

Through the centuries the Roman Catholic Church has periodically convened in councils, the first in AD 325 in Nicaea, and the last from 1962 to 1965 in Rome. This last council – the Second Vatican Council – has so influenced the modern Roman Catholic Church that its effects are still very much felt today. One … Continue reading Universal Reconciliation in the Roman Catholic Church – encouraging references

Reconciling Conflicting Convictions on the Sovereignty of God and the Freedom of Human Beings: Three Centuries (16th-18th) of Baptist Universalism

Should we emphasize the sovereignty of God at the cost of having to narrow the scope of his love and mercy and the freedom of human beings? Or should we instead emphasize the universal scope of God’s love as well as the freedom of human beings to resist grace at the cost of God’s sovereignty? Questions such as these seem to have been at the core of many theological controversies in the slipstream of the Reformation.

Is “Origenism” heresy? On the fifth ecumenical council in 553

It might come as a surprise to some, that the doctrine of universal restitution or “apokatastasis”, let alone the belief that all human beings will be saved eventually, has never as such been condemned by any of the ancient ecumical church councils. Sometimes, however, it is claimed that the doctrine was condemned at the fifth … Continue reading Is “Origenism” heresy? On the fifth ecumenical council in 553

Andrew Jukes (1815-1901)

“The “second death” therefore, so far from being, as some think, the hopeless shutting up of man for ever in the curse of disobedience, will, if I err not, be God’s way to free those who in no other way than by such a death can be delivered out of the dark world, whose life they live in.”–Andrew Jukes

John Wesley Hanson (1823–1901)

“In one word, a careful study of the early history of the Christian religion, will show that the doctrine of universal restoration was least prevalent in the darkest, and prevailed most in the most enlightened, of the earliest centuries–that it was the prevailing doctrine in the Primitive Christian Church.”–John Wesley Hanson

John Murray (1741-1815)

“We shall all be happy, we were made for happiness: “God hath not created but to bless.” Happiness, however, is not designed for us in the present state; in the world we are taught to expect tribulation. But in the Saviour, blessed be his balmy name, in the Redeemer, we shall, yes, we shall have peace.”

Elhanan Winchester (1751-1797)

“Our belief respecting the restoration of all things is not only founded upon the plainest letter of scripture (as all may see, who will be at the pains to read over the printed collection of texts) but is exactly according to the experience of every Christian.” – Elhanan Winchester

Gerrard Winstanley (1609–1676)

“Christ Jesus will deliver all mankind out of bondage. This I see to be a truth by testimony of Scripture, as God is pleased to teach me. But this mystery of God is not to be done all at once, but in several dispensations, some whereof are past, some are in being, and some are yet to come” – Gerrard Winstanley (1649)

Anthology: “All Shall Be Well”

“All shall be well, and all shall be well, and all manner of thing shall be well.” – Julian of Norwich. In this anthology edited by Gregory MacDonald, a variety of scholars present historical examples of the Christian belief in universal salvation.

Morwenna Ludlow: Universal Salvation

Eschatology in the Thought of Gregory of Nyssa and Karl Rahner From the book description: “For nearly two thousand years Paul’s suggestion at the end of 1 Corinthians 15 that God will be ‘all in all’ has appealed to those who hold a ‘wider hope’ that eventually no person will be lost from God’s love. … Continue reading Morwenna Ludlow: Universal Salvation