Origen on God's "consuming fire"

Origen on God’s “consuming fire”

The Platonic philosopher Celsus had argued against the supposed cruelty of the Christian idea of God as a "consuming fire" that tortures sinners. Origen, eager to defend the goodness of God, argued against Celsus that God only punishes in order to correct and save ...
Thomas Allin: A Chain of Passages From Scripture Declaring God's Purpose

Thomas Allin: A Chain of Passages From Scripture Declaring God’s Purpose

These passages are, I repeat, not taken at random and piled up any way. They are the expression of that Purpose that runs though the Bible. It is a Purpose first stated in man's creation in God's image; a Purpose to be traced in the Law, the Psalms and Prophets; ...
Ignatius on Christ's True Passion (Epistle to the Smyrneans)

Ignatius on Christ’s True Passion (Epistle to the Smyrneans)

Ignatius counters the docetist claim that the sufferings of Christ (the Word) was only apparent, the incarnation being "in appearance only". No, says Ignatius, the Word really did suffer "for our sakes" and when his flesh was being lifted up to the cross he drew "all men to Himself for ...
Hannah Whitall Smith: Three Censored Chapters of The Unselfishness of God And How I Discovered It

Hannah Whitall Smith: Three Censored Chapters of The Unselfishness of God And How I Discovered It

In her book, Smith explained how she came to embrace the belief in the final restitution of all things. However, the last three chapters (containing the whole point of the book!) have been censored by many Christian publishers ...
John Cassian on free will, grace and the salvation of all

John Cassian on free will, grace and the salvation of all

"Sometimes He delays and hinders our injurious purposes and deadly attempts from having their horrible effects, and, while we are rushing headlong towards death, draws us back to salvation, and rescues us without our knowing it from the jaws of hell." ...
"There is bound to be a Christian invasion of hell" Walter Rauschenbusch on eschatology

“There is bound to be a Christian invasion of hell” Walter Rauschenbusch on eschatology

The American theologian and Baptist pastor Walter Rauschenbusch (1861–1918) is most famous for his notion of the "social gospel". But while emphasizing the partial presence of the Kingdom of God in this life, Rauschenbusch did not ignore matters of soteriology and eschatology ...
Basil of Caesarea (probably) on Isaiah 9:5ff

Basil of Caesarea (probably) on Isaiah 9:5ff

"For all shall be subjected to Him and all shall recognise His mastery, and when God shall be all in all (1 Cor. 15:28), and those making an uproar by their apostasies are silenced, all in peaceful harmony shall praise God with hymns." ...
"A harmony of thanksgiving will arise from all creation" Gregory of Nyssa on the salvation of all creation

“A harmony of thanksgiving will arise from all creation” Gregory of Nyssa on the salvation of all creation

Excerpt from Gregory of Nyssa’s Great Catechism (II,25-26): That Deity should be born in our nature, ought not reasonably to present any strangeness to the minds of those who do not take too narrow a view of things. For who, when he takes a survey of the universe, is so ...
The Paschal homily of John Chrysostomos

The Paschal homily of John Chrysostomos

Let none lament his poverty; for the universal Kingdom is revealed. Let none bewail his transgressions; for the light of forgiveness has risen from the tomb. Let none fear death; for death of the Saviour has set us free ...
Peter Hiett interviews David Bentley Hart

Peter Hiett interviews David Bentley Hart

Peter Hiett interviews Orthodox theologian and philosopher, David Bentley Hart, on his new book That All Shall Be Saved: Heaven, Hell, and Universal Salvation ...
David Bentley Hart: That All Shall be Saved

David Bentley Hart: That All Shall be Saved

Orthodox theologian and philosopher David Bentley Hart's book on universal salvation is arguably the most talked-about book on the subject for years. For anyone interested in the topic, this is a must read ...
James Relly: The Great Salvation Contemplated

James Relly: The Great Salvation Contemplated

James Relly (1722–1778) was a Welshman, Methodist minister and Universalist theologian. Relly's theology is among the most radical examples of Christian universalism ...
Did God forsake Christ? Timothy Keller's (supposedly) trinitarian heterodoxy and a Patristic alternative

Did God forsake Christ? Timothy Keller’s (supposedly) trinitarian heterodoxy and a Patristic alternative

Gregory of Nazianzen represents a viable alternative to the allegedly heterodox notion of the atonement represented by reformed theologians such as Keller. The Father did not forsake Christ, but Christ cried out on part of humanity on the cross ...
Pierre Cuppe: Heaven Open to All Men (1743)

Pierre Cuppe: Heaven Open to All Men (1743)

Central to Cuppe's argument is the distinction between the "earthly man", Adam, and "the heavenly man", Christ. Both represent humanity in its entirety. Antichrist is nothing but humanity considered in its sinful state without God. Every human person, considered as the offspring of Adam can be called the "Antichrist", Cuppe ...
Ilaria Ramelli: A Larger Hope? Universal Salvation from Christian Beginnings to Julian of Norwich

Ilaria Ramelli: A Larger Hope? Universal Salvation from Christian Beginnings to Julian of Norwich

Ramelli traces the Christian roots of Origen’s teaching on apokatastasis. She argues that he was drawing on texts from Scripture and from various Christians who preceded him, theologians such as Bardaisan, Irenaeus, and Clement. She outlines Origen’s often-misunderstood theology in some detail and then follows the legacy of his Christian ...
Athanasius on the purpose of the incarnation: "This He did out of sheer love for us, so that in His death all might die, and the law of death thereby be abolished"

Athanasius on the purpose of the incarnation: “This He did out of sheer love for us, so that in His death all might die, and the law of death thereby be abolished”

This He did out of sheer love for us, so that in His death all might die, and the law of death thereby be abolished because, having fulfilled in His body that for which it was appointed, it was thereafter voided of its power for men. This He did that ...
Elhanan Winchester: The Gospel Preached by the Apostles

Elhanan Winchester: The Gospel Preached by the Apostles

Mercyuponall.org is happy to announce the first book in the Mercy Upon All booklet series: A new edition of Elhanan Winchester's discourse on particular and general redemption and salvation. 72 pages. Apophasis 2019 ...
New lectures by Robin Parry

New lectures by Robin Parry

In these lectures from the Hope and Hell conference (hosted by Gospel Conversations), Robin Parry discusses major topics related to Christian universalism. The videos have been edited by the Reforming Hell blog ...
Jeremiah White: "the Salvation of all Men is a done thing with God"

Jeremiah White: “the Salvation of all Men is a done thing with God”

Jeremiah White (1629–1707), was a 17th-century Nonconformist minister and Puritan chaplain to Oliver Cromwell. White defended the doctrines of predestination, election and rebrobation, but these were understood in such a way, that the sanctification and salvation of the elect will be to the benefit of the reprobate, leading to the ...
Marz - Jesus, Savior of All

Marz – Jesus, Savior of All

Marz is a Chicago-based rapper who has dedicated his work to spreading the good news of the reconciliation of the world with God in Christ and the final restitution of all things. In addition to his music, Marz does 'parking-lot-theology', sharing his thoughts on the gospel and theological questions ...
Nicolaus Zinzendorf: "By this his name all can and shall obtain life and salvation"

Nicolaus Zinzendorf: “By this his name all can and shall obtain life and salvation”

The name of Jesus is his own proper name, which he bears as our flesh and blood for the benefit of all men, be they ever so dead sick, or ever so miserable and sinful, by this his name all can and shall obtain life and salvation ...
What does it mean to be "born again"? T.F. Torrance on regeneration with Christ

What does it mean to be “born again”? T.F. Torrance on regeneration with Christ

"During my first week of office as Moderator of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland when I presided at the Assembly's Gaelic Service, a Highlander asked me when I had been born again. I still recall his face when I told him I had been born again when ...
John Milbank: "Christianity has to now embrace apocatastasis as the orthodoxy it has always been."

John Milbank: “Christianity has to now embrace apocatastasis as the orthodoxy it has always been.”

Proponents of so-called Radical Orthodoxy has been quite explicit recently in their support for the classical, patristic idea of the restitution of all things. This is good news ...
Robin Parry: The Perennial “Heresy”

Robin Parry: The Perennial “Heresy”

Might it be that the chief impulses behind the deviancy, in its many Christian versions, are integrally related to deep Christian convictions—about God’s love and goodness and justice, about the dignity of humans in God’s image, about the victory of Christ over sin and death, and so on ...
"Hearing they may hear and not understand". Sermon on the parable of the sower (Mark 4:2-12)

“Hearing they may hear and not understand”. Sermon on the parable of the sower (Mark 4:2-12)

If we did understand anything, we would be capable of converting ourselves, and earn forgiveness. But this is exactly what we are not capable of. The good news is that God has mercy on us anyway – or perhaps rather, that this is exactly what makes it possible for God ...
A Larger Hope?, Volume 2: Universal Salvation from the Reformation to the Nineteenth Century

A Larger Hope?, Volume 2: Universal Salvation from the Reformation to the Nineteenth Century

Robin A. Parry and Ilaria Ramelli, A Larger Hope?, Volume 2: Universal Salvation from the Reformation to the Nineteenth Century (Cascade Books 2019) ...
"As open as the outstretched arms of Christ on the cross" - Jürgen Moltmann on The Lord's Supper

“As open as the outstretched arms of Christ on the cross” – Jürgen Moltmann on The Lord’s Supper

The Lord's supper takes place on the basis of an invitation which is as open as the outstretched arms of Christ on the cross. Because he died for the reconciliation of 'the world', the world is invited to reconciliation in the supper ...
Recovering the Primitive Baptist doctrine of 'Justification From Eternity' in a non-particularistic framework

Recovering the Primitive Baptist doctrine of ‘Justification From Eternity’ in a non-particularistic framework

The debate about the time of justification is far from just being a matter of speculation. It is relevant for practical theology, as it raises questions for mission and evangelism: Is preaching imperative for saving people or is it rather the joyful revelation of something which is already true about ...
James Relly: The Great Salvation Contemplated, epistle IV

James Relly: The Great Salvation Contemplated, epistle IV

"When I hear God himself promise a blessing to mankind, my mind immediately conceives of somewhat very different from a curse: but if men are not blessed with eternal life, it is easily proved, that all other blessings, so called, terminate in a curse. When I hear it promised, that ...
David Bentley Hart: The New Testament - a Translation

David Bentley Hart: The New Testament – a Translation

In this new as-literal-as-it-gets translation of the New Testament, Orthodox scholar David Bentley Hart, seeks to remedy this by translating "as if no doctrine were given". The result is a version of the New Testament at odds with great portions of traditional Protestant theology ...
"Jesus rises from the waters; the world rises with him."

“Jesus rises from the waters; the world rises with him.”

Gregory of Nazianzen seems to grasp some of the significance of the baptism of Christ in his baptismal sermon, when he marvelously stated that in his baptism "Jesus rises from the waters; the world rises with him." The baptism of Christ is truly the baptism of us all in him ...
My eyes have seen your salvation!

My eyes have seen your salvation!

The salvation of God is there whether we see it or not. But when we see it, seeing brings joy – if it doesn’t, it’s not the salvation of God that we see. The sight of God's salvation does not leave us unaltered. Seeing God’s salvation means taking part here ...
“Lord, do not hold this sin against them.” Sermon for Stephen's day

“Lord, do not hold this sin against them.” Sermon for Stephen’s day

In the midst of celebrating Christmas, we should keep in mind that not all Christians are lucky to live in peace and safety. By commemorating the martyrdom of Stephen we also commemorate those Christians who are persecuted today. But we are also thereby reminded, that God forgives even those who ...
Francis Poulenc - O Magnum Mysterium

Francis Poulenc – O Magnum Mysterium

O great mystery, and wonderful sacrament, that animals should see the newborn Lord, lying in a manger! Blessed is the virgin whose womb was worthy to bear the Lord, Jesus Christ. Alleluia! ...
The Son of God was made man! Irenaeus on the coming of God in Christ

The Son of God was made man! Irenaeus on the coming of God in Christ

How shall man pass into God, unless God has passed into man? And how shall he escape from the generation subject to death, if not by means of a new generation, given in a wonderful and unexpected manner by God— that regeneration which flows from the virgin through faith? ...
G.K. Chesterton's solemn warning against one-sided hope (and a few thoughts on some alternatives)

G.K. Chesterton’s solemn warning against one-sided hope (and a few thoughts on some alternatives)

The Christian hope for all is always in spite of our very plausible, realistic and as such urgent pessimisms about the destiny of most people in the present. This is why the Christian hope for all is a call to action here and now rather than passivity ...
Available now as paperback! The Everlasting Gospel by Georg Klein-Nicolai

Available now as paperback! The Everlasting Gospel by Georg Klein-Nicolai

A new paperback edition of Georg Klein-Nicolai's classic, The Everlasting Gospel, is now available on Amazon.com ...
Peter Böhler (1712-1775)

Peter Böhler (1712-1775)

Peter (or Petrus) Böhler (1712-1775) was a German-English Moravian bishop and missionary. Böhler, as witnessed by George Whitefield in a letter to John Wesley, apparently confessed his beliefs in a universal redemption ...
"Death has lost its power over all." Athanasius on the union of Christ with humankind

“Death has lost its power over all.” Athanasius on the union of Christ with humankind

For Athanasius, the divinity of Christ was crucial for the salvation of humanity. By receiving a human body, Christ, the eternal Word of God, bestowed the gift of his divinity upon our humanity, says Athanasius. "by virtue of the Word’s indwelling in a single human body, the corruption which goes ...
James Relly: The Great Salvation Contemplated, epistle III

James Relly: The Great Salvation Contemplated, epistle III

Hence, I propose, that the elect are not a people chosen to be the objects of God’s love and salvation, to the final exclusion of others: but a people chosen to believe the truth, and to rejoice in the salvation of Jesus in time; while others yet remain in a ...
Gregory of Nyssa: A treatise on First Corinthians 15:28 (In Illud)

Gregory of Nyssa: A treatise on First Corinthians 15:28 (In Illud)

Gregory argues that the subjection spoken of by Paul is in both instances not a forced, but a free and joyful subjection, that leads to salvation of all who are subjected to God through Christ ...
In memoriam Gary Amirault

In memoriam Gary Amirault

Gary Amirault, the founder of Tentmaker Ministries and tentmaker.org, has passed away. The ministry of Gary has been a great blessing to many around the world. Gary died of a broken heart after losing his wife, Michelle. Tentmaker.org is the largest collection of texts on Universal Reconcilation and Christian Universalism ...
James Relly: The Great Salvation Contemplated, epistle I+II

James Relly: The Great Salvation Contemplated, epistle I+II

"There are but few individuals, so crucified to system, so detached from party, as to see and confess this truth much less can they perceive, how those doctrines, so seemingly contradictory, and opposite to each other, should yet be one in Christ, and preaching the same salvation, in the same ...
Jesus and the sign of the prophet Jonah

Jesus and the sign of the prophet Jonah

When Jesus talks about the sign of the prophet Jonah, it is not so much about us, but first of all about Jesus. The story of Jonah is a story about the cross and resurrection of Christ. It is Jesus who is to experience the uttermost darkness at the bottom ...
Karl Barth: The Epistle to the Romans

Karl Barth: The Epistle to the Romans

Karl Barth, The Epistle to the Romans. Translated from the 6th edition by Edwyn C. Hoskyns, Bart., M.A. with a preface to the English edition by the author (1933). "The Church hopes. Well, this is the hope of the Church. There is no other hope. Would that the Church might ...
"He came to save all through means of Himself" Irenaeus on the humanity of Christ

“He came to save all through means of Himself” Irenaeus on the humanity of Christ

For He came to save all through means of Himself — all, I say, who through Him are born again to God — infants, and children, and boys, and youths, and old men ...
Who are Jesus' flock? Notes for a sermon on sheep

Who are Jesus’ flock? Notes for a sermon on sheep

To belong to the flock of Christ - to be a part of his church - means to confess that he is one with the Father and that all and everything has been put into his hands. This also means to have a hope that is larger than a particular ...
Jacques Ellul on Jonah's song: "God has been gracious from the very beginning"

Jacques Ellul on Jonah’s song: “God has been gracious from the very beginning”

Jonah, being a sign anticipating Christ's death and resurrection, is, according to Jacques Ellul, actually in hell (Sheol, " the realm of the dead"). But this is exactly where he experiences the grace of God, even if he has not yet seen deliverance ...
Christoph Blumhardt: Action in Waiting

Christoph Blumhardt: Action in Waiting

Blumhardt's dialectical point is that only when we are ready to wait for the coming Kingdom of God are we truly able to act in the world here and now. Our religious practices and affiliations do not bring the Kingdom of God a bit closer: A comfortable Christianity will never ...
Jürgen Moltmann: The Crucified God

Jürgen Moltmann: The Crucified God

In his important work, The Crucified God (first released in German in 1972 as Der gekreuzigte Gott. Das Kreuz Christi als Grund und Kritik christlicher Theologie), Moltmann established the crucified Christ as the criterion of all Christian theology: "Whatever can stand before the face of the crucified Christ is true ...
Jacques Ellul: The Judgment of Jonah

Jacques Ellul: The Judgment of Jonah

Jacques Ellul, The Judgment of Jonah (Wipf & Stock 2011) "What is really intimated is the adventure of Jesus. What happens to Jonah happens to Jesus. For Jesus took on him the fulness of man." ...
Karl Barth: "God has mercy on us." Sermon from the Basel prison

Karl Barth: “God has mercy on us.” Sermon from the Basel prison

The arms of his eternal love, if I may say so, are already outstretched when he makes us prisoners of disobedience. He does so in order to have mercy on all. Barth on Romans 11:32 ...
Bonhoeffer: "God goes to all people in their need"

Bonhoeffer: “God goes to all people in their need”

God goes to all people in their need, fills body and soul with God’s own bread, goes for Christians and heathens to Calvary’s death and forgives them both ...
Athanasius on eternal election

Athanasius on eternal election

Nor in any other way was it fitting that our life should be founded, but in the Lord who is before the ages, and through whom the ages were brought to be; that, since it was in Him, we too might be able to inherit that everlasting life ...
Reconciling Conflicting Convictions on the Sovereignty of God and the Freedom of Human Beings: Three Centuries (16th-18th) of Baptist Universalism

Reconciling Conflicting Convictions on the Sovereignty of God and the Freedom of Human Beings: Three Centuries (16th-18th) of Baptist Universalism

Should we emphasize the sovereignty of God at the cost of having to narrow the scope of his love and mercy and the freedom of human beings? Or should we instead emphasize the universal scope of God's love as well as the freedom of human beings to resist grace at ...
"The theology of the cross is the true Christian universalism" - Moltmann on the Gentile centurion and Jesus' Easter appearances

“The theology of the cross is the true Christian universalism” – Moltmann on the Gentile centurion and Jesus’ Easter appearances

There is no distinction here, and there cannot be any more distinctions. All are sinners without distinction, and all will be made righteous without any merit on their part by his grace which has come to pass in Christ Jesus (Rom. 3:24) ...
"Who is my opponent? I, he says, am the Christ." Melito of Sardis On the Passover

“Who is my opponent? I, he says, am the Christ.” Melito of Sardis On the Passover

"Who is my opponent? I, he says, am the Christ. I am the one who destroyed death, and triumphed over the enemy, and trampled Hades under foot, and bound the strong one, and carried off man to the heights of heaven, I, he says, am the Christ." ...
The woman with the alabaster jar

The woman with the alabaster jar

This is what the story of the woman with alabaster jar reminds us: That the kingdom of God explodes all our narrow concerns and ideas of justice. Instead we are to look to Jesus as the woman did. When we do that we are ready to help the poor, who ...
Why the gospel is not 'universalism', but good news for all

Why the gospel is not ‘universalism’, but good news for all

The gospel is simply the good news that Jesus Christ is the savior of the world, that he died for all, and that all has been and will be made righteous by his death. Theological ideologies, ’-isms’, are the attempts of human beings to impose limitations on the gospel, making ...

Tarek Saleeby interviews Robin Parry

Tarek Saleeby (Lebanon) interviews Robin Parry (GB), author of The Evangelical Universalist. Parry explains his reasons for believing that everyone will eventually be saved through Christ. He also convincingly argues that Christian universalism is inside the scope of traditional Christian orthodoxy and should not as such be considered as 'liberal' ...
What does it mean that Jesus fulfilled "all righteousness" when he was baptized?

What does it mean that Jesus fulfilled “all righteousness” when he was baptized?

What does it mean that Jesus fulfilled “all righteousness” when he was baptized? Jesus’ whole life, his ministry, beginning from his baptism by John in the Jordan until his suffering and death on the cross, is the “baptism” that fulfills all righteousness. Just as all died with him on the ...
"Fear not! I bring you good news of great joy, that shall be to all the people."

“Fear not! I bring you good news of great joy, that shall be to all the people.”

When Jesus comes to us, he comes to us in all our poverty. He was born on the edge of civilisation, in a manger. Jesus comes to us as one without possesions. Restless, like Cain. But unlike him Jesus accepts his situation. He comes to us as one who does ...
Charles Jennens & Georg Friedrich Händel: Messiah (1742)

Charles Jennens & Georg Friedrich Händel: Messiah (1742)

Händel's popular masterwork is not just one of the most marvelous pieces of music ever written. The libretto by Charles Jennens also happens to present a perfect compilation of Bible verses from the King James versions of the Old Testament (especially Isaiah) and the New Testament ...
Charles Jennens: Libretto for Händel's Messiah

Charles Jennens: Libretto for Händel’s Messiah

Händel's Messiah one of the most marvelous pieces of music ever written. But moreover, the libretto by Charles Jennens also happens to present a perfect compilation of Bible verses from the King James versions of the Old Testament (especially Isaiah) and the New Testament. According to wikipedia, musicologist Watkins Shaw ...
The king is coming! Notes for a sermon for Advent

The king is coming! Notes for a sermon for Advent

This is the meaning of advent: That Jesus is coming – the Kingdom of God is coming. Not just somewhere far off in the future, but every day, in all circumstances of your life. He is coming right now, and with him he brings peace and light to everyone who ...
A "great kindness to Man": Death as divine gift according to Patristic theologies

A “great kindness to Man”: Death as divine gift according to Patristic theologies

It's a common idea in Patristic theology that death is not just a punishment but also in a way a gift, as it puts a limit to sin, and makes it possible for God to recreate fallen creature through the resurrection ...
Hans Denck and yieldedness as the solution to the problem of the (un)free will

Hans Denck and yieldedness as the solution to the problem of the (un)free will

According to Denck, God lets human beings feel the consequences of sin, in order to teach us that we cannot rest on our own will. God is not the cause of sin, but he uses what is apparently evil, as a means of salvation ...
When Mr. Murray met a "young lady"

When Mr. Murray met a “young lady”

Central to James Relly, John and Judith Murray, was the idea, that it is not our faith that makes Jesus our savior, but rather that our faith is a recognition of the fact that he is our savior even before we believe. In his memoirs John Murray tells the story ...
Karl Barth on the universality of the atonement and the particularity of the work of the Spirit

Karl Barth on the universality of the atonement and the particularity of the work of the Spirit

In the first volume of the fourth part of his Church Dogmatics Karl Barth argued that the atonement was true and real for all human beings as a result of the work of Jesus Christ. The difference between Christians and non-Christians, is that Christians are those who have heard the ...
James Relly on the "Grace and truth of Union"

James Relly on the “Grace and truth of Union”

James Relly’s theology revolved around the idea of union. Everything which can be said about Christ can now be said of those who are united with him. Relly developed the core aspects of this idea in his Union: or, a Treatise of the Consanguinity and Affinity between Christ and his ...
Jürgen Moltmann: The Coming of God

Jürgen Moltmann: The Coming of God

Jürgen Moltmann (1926-) is a German Reformed theologian and Professor Emeritus of Systematic Theology at the University of Tübingen. In his book The Coming of God Moltmann deals extensively with Christian eschatology. "True hope must be universal, because its healing future embraces every individual and the whole universe. If we ...
James Relly: "Has he fulfilled all righteousness? So have we. Is he justified? So are we."

James Relly: “Has he fulfilled all righteousness? So have we. Is he justified? So are we.”

The central doctrine in Relly’s theology was the belief that the atonement and justification must be understood in terms of union with Christ. All human beings died with Christ on the cross. Faith is not a condition for justification, but only the knowledge that one has already been justified by ...
Jacques Ellul: "A theology of grace implies universal salvation."

Jacques Ellul: “A theology of grace implies universal salvation.”

Quoted from What I Believe (1989) by French theologian and professor of law, Jacques Ellul (1912-1994). Jacques Ellul, What I Believe (Eerdmans 1989) I am taking up here a basic theme that I have dealt with elsewhere but which is so essential that I have no hesitation in repeating myself ...
Christoph Blumhardt (1842-1919)

Christoph Blumhardt (1842-1919)

"There can be no question of God's giving up anything or anyone in the whole world, either today or in all eternity. The end has to be: Behold, everything is God's!" ...
Is "Origenism" heresy? On the fifth ecumenical council in 553

Is “Origenism” heresy? On the fifth ecumenical council in 553

Origen of Alexandria (184-253) It might come as a surprise to some, that the doctrine of universal restitution or “apokatastasis”, let alone the belief that all human beings will be saved eventually, has never as such been condemned by any of the ancient ecumical church councils. Sometimes, however, it is ...

Thomas Allin’s Scripture Chain (First Half)

Covering the first 22 of Allin’s 48 scriptures detailing God’s plan for “all” his creation. From James Michael. Find Thomas Allin’s Christ Triumphant here ...
Hans Urs von Balthasar: Dare We Hope That All Men Be Saved? With a Short Discourse on Hell

Hans Urs von Balthasar: Dare We Hope That All Men Be Saved? With a Short Discourse on Hell

Hans Urs von Balthasar: Dare We Hope That All Men Be Saved? With a Short Discourse on Hell (Ignatius Press 2014) In this book Roman Catholic theologian Hans Urs von Balthasar defended what is sometimes called hopeful universalism, i.e. the belief that Christian orthodoxy allows us to hope that all ...
Thomas Talbott: The Inescapable Love of God

Thomas Talbott: The Inescapable Love of God

Thomas Talbott: The Inescapable Love of God (Universal Pub. 1999) “The real mystery is why so many have failed to appreciate the universalism of the New Testament and why so many have tried to explain it away. Paul, for example, speaks eloquently of the triumph of God’s sovereign love; again ...
David Congdon: The God Who Saves - A Dogmatic Sketch

David Congdon: The God Who Saves – A Dogmatic Sketch

David. Congdon: The God Who Saves – A Dogmatic Sketch (Cascade Books 2016) “Christian universalism has been explored in its biblical, philosophical, and historical dimensions. For the first time, The God Who Saves explores it in systematic theological perspective. In doing so it also offers a fresh take on universal ...
Thomas Whittemore: 100 Scriptural Proofs That Jesus Christ Will Save All Mankind

Thomas Whittemore: 100 Scriptural Proofs That Jesus Christ Will Save All Mankind

What a blessed assurance! Grace shall conquer sin? In every heart where sin has reigned, grace shall set up its empire. Grace shall reign triumphantly and successfully. We see not yet all this done; but it shall be done at last ...
Robin A. Parry: The Baptist Universalist: Elhanan Winchester (1751–97)

Robin A. Parry: The Baptist Universalist: Elhanan Winchester (1751–97)

In this article, based on a lecture at the Centre for Baptist History and Heritage at Regent Park College in Oxford in 2011, Robin Parry in detail describes the life and theology of the important Universal Baptist preacher and abolitionist Elhanan Winchester ...
Marvin R. Vincent: Note on 'eternal destruction' (Olethron Aionion)

Marvin R. Vincent: Note on ‘eternal destruction’ (Olethron Aionion)

"They will be punished with eternal destruction (olethron aionion)" (2 Thes. 1:9). Aionios means enduring through or pertaining to a period of time. Both the noun and the adjective are applied to limited periods. Thus the phrase eis ton aiona, habitually rendered forever, is often used of duration which is ...
Samuel Cox (1826–1893)

Samuel Cox (1826–1893)

Samuel Cox (1826–1893). Picture kindly provided by Alan Wilson, Mansfield Road Baptist Church. Samuel Cox was an English Baptist minister and writer, born near London. At the age of fourteen he was apprenticed at the London docks, where his father was employed. Having passed the exam at Stepney College he ...
Georg Klein-Nicolai: The Everlasting Gospel (1705/1753)

Georg Klein-Nicolai: The Everlasting Gospel (1705/1753)

The Everlasting Gospel was written by the German pastor Georg Klein-Nicolai (1671-1734). Klein-Nicolai’s theology is firmly grounded in the biblical belief that God is love and that no creatures can resist his will in the end ...
Theologia Germanica (Deutsche Theologie) (14th century)

Theologia Germanica (Deutsche Theologie) (14th century)

Theologia Germanica or Deutsche Theologie, probably from the 14th century, was a major source of inspiration for adherents of the radical reformation, especially South German spiritualists such as the Anabaptist Hans Denck, and later Pietism ...
The Forgotten Gospel: 2016 session videos

The Forgotten Gospel: 2016 session videos

August this year authors and speakers gathered for a conference on “The Forgotten Gospel”, with the intention of “proclaiming the victory of Relentless Love” in Jesus Christ. Amongst the 26 authors and 6 speakers were Brad Jersak, Robin Parry and Ilaria Ramelli. The videos from the conference are available here ...
Elhanan Winchester: The Gospel Preached by the Apostles (1788)

Elhanan Winchester: The Gospel Preached by the Apostles (1788)

"Both Calvinists and Arminians, are right--in many things: and, perhaps, both are under mistakes, in some things: and in nothing do they both mistake more, than in supposing, (as both of them do) that the doctrines of particular and general redemption, are contrary the one to the other" ...
Keith DeRose: Universalism and the Bible - The Really Good News

Keith DeRose: Universalism and the Bible – The Really Good News

“Universalism is far from a mere doctrine of barren theology; many, like Paul, find great joy in the belief. [...] For myself, it’s hard to even imagine going back to my earlier way of thinking about God”--Keith DeRose ...
Andrew Jukes (1815-1901)

Andrew Jukes (1815-1901)

"The “second death” therefore, so far from being, as some think, the hopeless shutting up of man for ever in the curse of disobedience, will, if I err not, be God’s way to free those who in no other way than by such a death can be delivered out of ...
Exceptions to God's love? A thought on violence and salvation, Anabaptists, Yoder, Barth and Luther

Exceptions to God’s love? A thought on violence and salvation, Anabaptists, Yoder, Barth and Luther

Note: This is a repost of a post from contrafatum.blogspot.com In the Lutheran Augsburg Confession (CA) the so-called Anabaptists were condemned not just for their baptist practices but also for their views on eschatology, soteriology and ethics. First there is the Anabaptist rejection of violence. The Lutherans condemned the Anabaptists ...
What is "the resurrection of life" and "the resurrection of damnation" (John 5:28-29)?

What is “the resurrection of life” and “the resurrection of damnation” (John 5:28-29)?

“[A]ll that are in the grave shall hear his voice, and shall come forth; they that have done good unto the resurrection of life; and they that have done evil unto the resurrection of damnation.”—John 5:28-29 ...
Samuel Richardson (1602-1658)

Samuel Richardson (1602-1658)

"Look above, and hearken to the sweet voice in the region of love. What are the voices in heaven? they agree in one: no voice comes from heaven, but love, peace, and good will to man."--Samuel Richardson ...
"It's hell enough down here." What do Primitive Baptist Universalists believe?

“It’s hell enough down here.” What do Primitive Baptist Universalists believe?

"Christ’s atonement was for all humankind and at Resurrection will irrevocably come to pass for all humankind; just as, irrevocably, Adam’s transgression earlier had condemned all to the sinful state of natural man." ...
John Wesley Hanson (1823–1901)

John Wesley Hanson (1823–1901)

"In one word, a careful study of the early history of the Christian religion, will show that the doctrine of universal restoration was least prevalent in the darkest, and prevailed most in the most enlightened, of the earliest centuries–that it was the prevailing doctrine in the Primitive Christian Church."--John Wesley ...
Charles Slagle: The Good News of Christ's Total Victory

Charles Slagle: The Good News of Christ’s Total Victory

"Christ bought us ALL back by His own blood shed at Calvary. He came to earth for this purpose: to destroy the devil's deceptive works and to save that which was lost. Eventually our Lord will fulfill His sure purpose and inherit ALL He paid for."--Charles Slagle ...
Thomas Allin: "Aion and Aionios"

Thomas Allin: “Aion and Aionios”

On the words often translated "eternity" and "eternal" in the Bible. From Thomas Allin's Christ Triumphant ...
J. Preston Eby: Is Man a "free moral agent"?

J. Preston Eby: Is Man a “free moral agent”?

"Oh, no, beloved, man is not a free moral agent. JESUS CHRIST IS THE ONLY MAN WHO IS A FREE MORAL AGENT. And He made the right choice, the one and only right decision. And HE MADE IT FOR US ALL!"--J. Preston Eby ...
Johann Wilhelm Petersen (1649-1727)

Johann Wilhelm Petersen (1649-1727)

Johann Wilhelm Petersen was a German-Danish theologian and Lutheran pastor. With his wife he developed a radical form of pietism in which the belief in Universal Restitution came to play a central role ...
Dietrich Bonhoeffer (1906–1945)

Dietrich Bonhoeffer (1906–1945)

"Justification and sanctification are inconceivable for anyone if that individual believer cannot be assured that God will embrace not only them but all those for whose sins they are responsible.”–Dietrich Bonhoeffer ...
John Murray (1741-1815)

John Murray (1741-1815)

"We shall all be happy, we were made for happiness: "God hath not created but to bless." Happiness, however, is not designed for us in the present state; in the world we are taught to expect tribulation. But in the Saviour, blessed be his balmy name, in the Redeemer, we ...