Theologia Germanica (Deutsche Theologie) (14th century)

Theologia Germanica (Deutsche Theologie) (14th century)

Theologia Germanica or Deutsche Theologie, probably from the 14th century, was a major source of inspiration for adherents of the radical reformation, especially South German spiritualists such as the Anabaptist Hans Denck, and later Pietism ...
The Forgotten Gospel: 2016 session videos

The Forgotten Gospel: 2016 session videos

August this year authors and speakers gathered for a conference on "The Forgotten Gospel", with the intention of "proclaiming the victory of Relentless Love" in Jesus Christ. Amongst the 26 authors and 6 speakers were Brad Jersak, Robin Parry and Ilaria Ramelli. The videos from the conference are available here ...
Elhanan Winchester: The Gospel Preached by the Apostles (1788)

Elhanan Winchester: The Gospel Preached by the Apostles (1788)

"Both Calvinists and Arminians, are right--in many things: and, perhaps, both are under mistakes, in some things: and in nothing do they both mistake more, than in supposing, (as both of them do) that the doctrines of particular and general redemption, are contrary the one to the other" ...
Keith DeRose: Universalism and the Bible - The Really Good News

Keith DeRose: Universalism and the Bible – The Really Good News

“Universalism is far from a mere doctrine of barren theology; many, like Paul, find great joy in the belief. [...] For myself, it’s hard to even imagine going back to my earlier way of thinking about God”--Keith DeRose ...
Andrew Jukes (1815-1901)

Andrew Jukes (1815-1901)

"The “second death” therefore, so far from being, as some think, the hopeless shutting up of man for ever in the curse of disobedience, will, if I err not, be God’s way to free those who in no other way than by such a death can be delivered out of ...
Exceptions to God's love? A thought on violence and salvation, Anabaptists, Yoder, Barth and Luther

Exceptions to God’s love? A thought on violence and salvation, Anabaptists, Yoder, Barth and Luther

Note: This is a repost of a post from contrafatum.blogspot.com In the Lutheran Augsburg Confession (CA) the so-called Anabaptists were condemned not just for their baptist practices but also for their views on eschatology, soteriology and ethics. First there is the Anabaptist rejection of violence. The Lutherans condemned the Anabaptists ...
What is "the resurrection of life" and "the resurrection of damnation" (John 5:28-29)?

What is “the resurrection of life” and “the resurrection of damnation” (John 5:28-29)?

“[A]ll that are in the grave shall hear his voice, and shall come forth; they that have done good unto the resurrection of life; and they that have done evil unto the resurrection of damnation.”—John 5:28-29 ...
"It's hell enough down here." What do Primitive Baptist Universalists believe?

“It’s hell enough down here.” What do Primitive Baptist Universalists believe?

"Christ’s atonement was for all humankind and at Resurrection will irrevocably come to pass for all humankind; just as, irrevocably, Adam’s transgression earlier had condemned all to the sinful state of natural man." ...
John Wesley Hanson (1823–1901)

John Wesley Hanson (1823–1901)

"In one word, a careful study of the early history of the Christian religion, will show that the doctrine of universal restoration was least prevalent in the darkest, and prevailed most in the most enlightened, of the earliest centuries–that it was the prevailing doctrine in the Primitive Christian Church."--John Wesley ...
Charles Slagle: The Good News of Christ's Total Victory

Charles Slagle: The Good News of Christ’s Total Victory

"Christ bought us ALL back by His own blood shed at Calvary. He came to earth for this purpose: to destroy the devil's deceptive works and to save that which was lost. Eventually our Lord will fulfill His sure purpose and inherit ALL He paid for."--Charles Slagle ...
Thomas Allin: "Aion and Aionios"

Thomas Allin: “Aion and Aionios”

On the words often translated "eternity" and "eternal" in the Bible. From Thomas Allin's Christ Triumphant ...
J. Preston Eby: Is Man a "free moral agent"?

J. Preston Eby: Is Man a “free moral agent”?

"Oh, no, beloved, man is not a free moral agent. JESUS CHRIST IS THE ONLY MAN WHO IS A FREE MORAL AGENT. And He made the right choice, the one and only right decision. And HE MADE IT FOR US ALL!"--J. Preston Eby ...
Johann Wilhelm Petersen (1649-1727)

Johann Wilhelm Petersen (1649-1727)

Johann Wilhelm Petersen was a German-Danish theologian and Lutheran pastor. With his wife he developed a radical form of pietism in which the belief in Universal Restitution came to play a central role ...
Dietrich Bonhoeffer (1906–1945)

Dietrich Bonhoeffer (1906–1945)

"Justification and sanctification are inconceivable for anyone if that individual believer cannot be assured that God will embrace not only them but all those for whose sins they are responsible.”–Dietrich Bonhoeffer ...
John Murray (1741-1815)

John Murray (1741-1815)

"We shall all be happy, we were made for happiness: "God hath not created but to bless." Happiness, however, is not designed for us in the present state; in the world we are taught to expect tribulation. But in the Saviour, blessed be his balmy name, in the Redeemer, we ...
Alexander Mack (1679-1735)

Alexander Mack (1679-1735)

Alexander Mack was the leader and first minister of the Schwarzenau Brethren (or German Baptists) in Schwarzenau, Germany ...
Elhanan Winchester (1751-1797)

Elhanan Winchester (1751-1797)

"Our belief respecting the restoration of all things is not only founded upon the plainest letter of scripture (as all may see, who will be at the pains to read over the printed collection of texts) but is exactly according to the experience of every Christian." - Elhanan Winchester ...
New edition of Thomas Allin's Christ Triumphant

New edition of Thomas Allin’s Christ Triumphant

Thomas Allin: "Christ Triumphant - or Universalism Asserted as the Hope of the Gospel on the Authority of Reason, the Fathers, and Holy Scripture" In 1885 the Irish Anglican priest Thomas Allin (1838-1909) published his now classic "Christ Triumphant - or Universalism Asserted as the Hope of the Gospel on ...
Robin Parry interviews Dr. Illaria Ramelli

Robin Parry interviews Dr. Illaria Ramelli

Ilaria Ramelli is the author of The Christian Doctrine of Apokatastasis, Terms for Eternity: Aiônios and Aïdios in Classical and Christian Texts ...
J.W. Hanson: Universalism The Prevailing Doctrine Of The Christian Church During Its First Five Hundred Years (1899)

J.W. Hanson: Universalism The Prevailing Doctrine Of The Christian Church During Its First Five Hundred Years (1899)

In this classic study from 1899 J.W. Hanson went in detail with the belief in universal salvation in early Christianity. According to Hanson, universal salvation was the prevailing doctrine of the early Church ...
Judith Sargent Murray: Catechism (1782)

Judith Sargent Murray: Catechism (1782)

Judith Sargent Murray published this catechism in 1782. Her question-and-answer format neatly explains James Relly's Universalist theology. In her preface, Judith includes a clear statement about female equality ...
There's a Wideness in God's Mercy (hymn)

There's a Wideness in God's Mercy (hymn)

Frederick William Faber, 1862 "There's a wideness in God's mercy like the wideness of the sea; there's a kindness in his justice, which is more than liberty. There is welcome for the sinner, and more graces for the good; there is mercy with the Savior; there is healing in his ...
J. Preston Eby: "If Everyone is Going to be Saved, Why Preach?"

J. Preston Eby: "If Everyone is Going to be Saved, Why Preach?"

"The knowledge of God’s gracious purpose does not make true men of God careless. It makes them long to become a part of His will and an instrument in His plan of the ages." - J. Preston Eby ...
Gerry Beauchemin: Hope Beyond Hell

Gerry Beauchemin: Hope Beyond Hell

"We need to recognize that God integrates both mercy and judgment. This factor is a crucial piece of the puzzle helping us to better understand God‘s plan for all" - Gerry Beauchemin ...
Ilaria Ramelli: The Christian Doctrine of Apokatastasis

Ilaria Ramelli: The Christian Doctrine of Apokatastasis

In this extensive work of scholarly literature Dr. Ilaria Ramelli goes into detail with the classical doctrine of universal restitution (apokatastasis) as it is found from the New Testament until the middle ages ...
To hell and back - Is hell real? - Carlton Pearson on MSNBC Dateline with Keith Morrison

To hell and back – Is hell real? – Carlton Pearson on MSNBC Dateline with Keith Morrison

In this interview pentecostal/episcopalian preacher Carlton Pearson explains how he came to the belief that Jesus did in fact accomplish the salvation of the whole world ...
Ramelli & Konstan: Terms for Eternity: Aiônios and Aïdios in Classical and Christian Texts

Ramelli & Konstan: Terms for Eternity: Aiônios and Aïdios in Classical and Christian Texts

The words translated "eternal", "eternity" or "forever" in traditional Bible translations do not, in fact, mean eternity or eternal in the sense of endless duration, but "age" or "age-enduring" ...
Keith DeRose: Universalism and the Bible - The Really Good News

Keith DeRose: Universalism and the Bible – The Really Good News

"So, show me someone who's under divine punishment forever, or who is simply annihilated, and I'll show you someone who's never reconciled to God through Christ, and thus someone who gives the lie to this passage." - Keith DeRose on Col. 1:19-20 ...
Jacques Ellul (1912-1994)

Jacques Ellul (1912-1994)

"Am I a pessimist? Not at all. I am convinced that the history of the human race, no matter how tragic, will ultimately lead to the Kingdom of God." - Jacques Ellul (1912-1994) ...
William Barclay: Reasons for believing in universal salvation

William Barclay: Reasons for believing in universal salvation

"I am a convinced universalist. I believe that in the end all men will be gathered into the love of God." - William Barclay ...
In the Hands of a Happy God: The "No-Hellers" of Central Appalachia

In the Hands of a Happy God: The "No-Hellers" of Central Appalachia

"Popularly known as the No-Hellers, this small Baptist sub-denomination rejects the notion of an angry God bent on punishment and retribution and instead embraces the concept of a happy God who consigns no one to eternal damnation. This book is the first in-depth study of the PBUs and their beliefs." ...
Hannah Whitall Smith (1832-1911)

Hannah Whitall Smith (1832-1911)

"I saw all this that day on the tram-car on Market street, Philadelphia --not only thought it, or hoped it, or even believed it--but knew it. It was a Divine fact."–Hannah Whitall Smith in The Unselfishness of God and How I Discovered It ...
J. Preston Eby: The Two Hands of God

J. Preston Eby: The Two Hands of God

"He will use the surgeon's knife when He sees a tumor of self-will or a deadly virus of carnality sapping our spiritual lives, or when He sees the cancerous growth of sin. He does not hesitate to deal with us severely. We must learn this fact early: He loves us ...
George MacDonald: Love Thy Neighbour (1867)

George MacDonald: Love Thy Neighbour (1867)

"St Paul would be wretched before the throne of God, if he thought there was one man beyond the pale of his mercy, and that as much for God's glory as for the man's sake." - George MacDonald ...
Søren Kierkegaard (1813-1855): "If the others are going to hell, then I am going along with them."

Søren Kierkegaard (1813-1855): “If the others are going to hell, then I am going along with them.”

"If others go to Hell, I will go too. But I do not believe that; on the contrary, I believe that all will be saved, myself with them—something which arouses my deepest amazement." - Søren Kierkegaard in Journals and Papers, Vol. 6 ...
Elhanan Winchester: The Outcasts Comforted - Sermon on Universal Restoration (1782)

Elhanan Winchester: The Outcasts Comforted – Sermon on Universal Restoration (1782)

"One will say, God loves all his creatures without exception, that he is good to all and his tender mercies are over all his works. Another will maintain that all the objects of his love must finally come to the enjoyment of himself; and that his mercy endureth forever and ...
The Schizophrenic Gospel? Christian and Anti-Christian Paradoxes

The Schizophrenic Gospel? Christian and Anti-Christian Paradoxes

In the schizophrenic gospel, God is both darkness and light. In the Christian gospel, there is no darkness in God (1 John 1:5), but God's light reveals, contradicts and convicts our darkness. The so-called double-bind theory was developed by Gregory Bateson in the 1950s as an explanation for schizophrenia. It ...
Georg Klein-Nicolai (1671-1734)

Georg Klein-Nicolai (1671-1734)

"If all punishments determined by God for the creatures, be they never so dreadful, are (when considered according to their inmost center and principle) works of divine love, it necessarily follows from hence, that even the most dreadful punishments which God, in the age or ages to come, will inflict ...
Gerrard Winstanley (1609–1676)

Gerrard Winstanley (1609–1676)

"Christ Jesus will deliver all mankind out of bondage. This I see to be a truth by testimony of Scripture, as God is pleased to teach me. But this mystery of God is not to be done all at once, but in several dispensations, some whereof are past, some are ...
Gregory of Nyssa (335-395 AD)

Gregory of Nyssa (335-395 AD)

"God will be both all and in all. God's nature will become all to us and will take the place of all, distributing itself in a way that will be suitable to the needs of that life." - Gregory of Nyssa (335-395 AD) ...
Clement of Alexandria (150-215 AD)

Clement of Alexandria (150-215 AD)

”God’s punishments are saving and disciplinary, leading to conversion, and choosing rather the repentance than the death of a sinner”–Clement of Alexandria ...
Anthology: "All Shall Be Well"

Anthology: “All Shall Be Well”

"All shall be well, and all shall be well, and all manner of thing shall be well." - Julian of Norwich. In this anthology edited by Gregory MacDonald, a variety of scholars present historical examples of the Christian belief in universal salvation ...
Church Fathers on salvation

Church Fathers on salvation

"The mass of men (Christians) say there is to be an end to punishment and to those who are punished." — St. Basil the Great "There are very many in our day, who though not denying the Holy Scriptures, do not believe in endless torments." — Augustine (354-430 A.D.) "For ...
Origen (184-253 AD): "God will be “all in all”"

Origen (184-253 AD): "God will be “all in all”"

"“Stronger than all the evils in the soul is the Word, and the healing power that dwells in him, and this healing He applies, according to the will of God, to everyman. The consummation of all things is the destruction of evil…" ...
Libertinism vs. Christianity?

Libertinism vs. Christianity?

What if the truth is, that if God is dead, then there is no freedom, no liberty, and then nothing is allowed? What if God’s apparent death means, that we are at the mercy of the forces of nature, sociology, capitalism, the state, technology, violence, you name it? ...
In our darkness

In our darkness

For God darkness is as light. Through his own dying Christ has overpowered our enemy, death, and turned darkness into light. This is why he can now take each and every one of your darkest sorrows and worries, and turn them into blinding lights ...
Julie Ferwerda: Raising Hell - Christianity's most controversial doctrine put under fire!

Julie Ferwerda: Raising Hell – Christianity’s most controversial doctrine put under fire!

"Through a very intentional plan that reaches into future ages, I believe the true Gospel is that all people for all time will be willingly and joyfully drawn by the unconditional, irresistible, compelling love of a Father into a relationship with Him through His Son."--Julie Ferwerda ...
Loyal F. Hurley: The Outcome of Infinite Grace

Loyal F. Hurley: The Outcome of Infinite Grace

In this classic Seventh Day Baptist pastor Loyal Hurley explained his views on salvation and eschatology. The book is an easily read, precise exposition of Biblical doctrines on salvation and grace ...
Brad Jersak: Her Gates Will Never Be Shut - Hope, Hell, and the New Jerusalem

Brad Jersak: Her Gates Will Never Be Shut – Hope, Hell, and the New Jerusalem

"Salvation is not a question of "turn or burn." We're burning already, but we don't have to be! Redemption! The life and death of Christ showed us how far God would go to extend forgiveness and invitation. His resurrection marked the death of death and the evacuation of Hades. My ...
Gregory Macdonald: The Evangelical Universalist

Gregory Macdonald: The Evangelical Universalist

“Can an orthodox Christian, committed to the historic faith of the church and the authority of the Bible, be a universalist?" This is just one of many questions dealt with in Gregory MacDonald's book. Gregory MacDonald enters into discussion with a wide range of topics and theologians from contemporary American ...
More thoughts behind the website: Doing theology in the light of the gospel of infinite grace

More thoughts behind the website: Doing theology in the light of the gospel of infinite grace

The purpose of this website is not to teach soteriological universalism as a ‘theological doctrine’, but to help deconstruct and reconstruct  traditional concepts such as salvation, damnation, election, predestination, divine judgment and so on. God is free to have or not to have mercy on whom he wills (Rom. 9:18), ...
Jeff Martin: Optimism Out of Control: A clarification of the gospel of Jesus Christ

Jeff Martin: Optimism Out of Control: A clarification of the gospel of Jesus Christ

By Jeff Martin Jeff Martin, wrote the book "Optimism Out of Control." Like many he has defended Universal Restoration with Biblical arguments concerning 1) God's free will to save mankind, 2) mankind's lack of free will to save ourselves, 3) the meaning of "aion", 4) the temporal nature of afterlife ...
The blasphemy against the Holy Ghost (Matt. 12:31-32; Mark 3:28-30; Luke 12:10)

The blasphemy against the Holy Ghost (Matt. 12:31-32; Mark 3:28-30; Luke 12:10)

What is "the blasphemy against the Holy Ghost"? (Matt. 12:31-32; Mark 3:28-30; Luke 12:10) ...
The sheep and the goats (Matt. 25:31-46)

The sheep and the goats (Matt. 25:31-46)

From J.W. Hanson’s Bible Threatenings Explained. Matt. 25:46 is the great proof text of the doctrine of endless punishment: “These shall go away into everlasting punishment, and the righteous into life eternal.” That the popular view of this language is incorrect is evident, because those punished are those who have ...
Hell (Gehenna) in the Bible

Hell (Gehenna) in the Bible

From J.W. Hanson’s Bible Threatenings Explained. “And fear not them which kill the body, but are not able to kill the soul: but rather fear him which is able to destroy both soul and body in Hell (Gehenna).” (Matt. 10:28) “But I will forewarn you whom you shall fear: Fear ...
The rich man and Lazarus (Luke 14:22-23)

The rich man and Lazarus (Luke 14:22-23)

How should we understand the parable of Lazarus and the rich man? (Luke 14:22-23) ...
Adam's punishment

Adam's punishment

From J.W. Hanson’s Bible Threatenings Explained. “And the Lord God commanded the man, saying: Of every tree of the garden thou mayest freely eat; but of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it; for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou ...
The "sin unto death" (1 John 5:16-17)

The "sin unto death" (1 John 5:16-17)

From J.W. Hanson's Bible Threatenings Explained. “If a man see his brother sin a sin which is not unto death, he shall ask, and he shall give him life for them that sin not unto death. There is a sin unto death: I do not say that he shall pray ...
The second death (Rev. 21:8; Rev. 20:12-14)

The second death (Rev. 21:8; Rev. 20:12-14)

What is "the second death" (Rev 21:8; Rev 20:12-14)? ...
Joseph E. Kirk: The eons of the Bible

Joseph E. Kirk: The eons of the Bible

"God’s purpose in creating man, and God’s purpose of the eons are inseparably related. Many are unfamiliar with this important subject because the facts have been concealed by incorrect and misleading translations of the Bible from the original languages into English."–Joseph E. Kirk ...